地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1617-1627.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.12.010

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城市老年人的移动性变化及其对日常生活的影响——基于社区老年人生活历程的叙事分析

谷志莲1,2(), 柴彦威2,**   

  1. 1. 深圳市规划国土发展研究中心,广东 深圳 518040
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2015-12-31 发布日期:2015-12-31
  • 通讯作者: 柴彦威 E-mail:guzhilian@126.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:谷志莲(1987-),女,山西朔州人,硕士,主要从事城市行为地理、土地制度与产权研究,E-mail: guzhilian@126.com

    与女儿电话联络

    可见,进入这一阶段后,老年夫妇的外出活动范围与频次均大大减小,甚至社区范围内的设施已超出其可达范围,日常生活大大局限于家中及住所附近,逐渐失去生活独立性。并且,户外移动仅限于购物、就医、就餐等生活必需活动,休闲活动几乎全部室内化,社会交往也大大减少,仅限于每周与子女的网络视频、电话联络等。

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41228001)

Change of mobility of urban elderly and effects on their daily life:a narrative analysis of the life of a retired couple living in an urban community

Zhilian GU1,2(), Yanwei CHAI2,*   

  1. 1. Shenzhen Urban Planning and Land Resource Research Center, Shenzhen 518040, Guangdong, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2015-12-31 Published:2015-12-31
  • Contact: Yanwei CHAI E-mail:guzhilian@126.com

摘要:

就地养老日益受到中国城市老年人的欢迎,其中个体移动性对老年人日常生活尤具重要意义。本文从微观个体的视角出发,运用质性研究方法,选取一对空巢的高龄老年夫妇作为典型案例,对其退休以来的移动性变化与日常生活历程进行叙事分析;以期揭示移动性对老年个体生活的重要意义、移动性的变化特征与日常生活的密切关联,从而为中国城市老年服务与宜老环境建设提供科学支持。结果表明,老年个体移动性具有日常活动空间向外拓展、逐渐向社区及周边收缩、局限于家及住所附近3个阶段;随年龄增长而不断下降的身体机能与健康状况,和家庭因素共同促使老年人移动性与日常生活发生阶段性演变;个人、家庭、所在社区的资源分别构成了各阶段的核心影响因素。个体的移动性空间应成为中国城市宜老社区与环境建设以及老年规划与服务的关键命题。

关键词: 城市老年人, 移动性, 日常生活, 叙事分析

Abstract:

Based on an individual perspective, this study selected a pair of "empty nest" elderly as samples to conduct a narrative analysis of their mobility change and the course of daily life since retirement. Their mobility and daily life after retirement have experienced three phases: first the expansion of the daily life space, then gradually shrinking to community and surrounding, and lastly confined near home. Aging body and the change of health status, and family factors mainly contributed to the evolution of different phases of the elderly mobility and daily life. At different stages of the aging process, the resources of individuals, families, and the local communities constituted the context of daily mobility of the elderly to various degrees. Community resources have been prominent to individuals who experienced a reduced mobility. Drawing from this study, daily mobility has played an important and evolving role in the elderly daily life. This study calls for attention to elderly mobility space in order to ultimately improve the quality of life for the elderly population. More detailed studies of the interaction of elderly mobility and urban environment are required to lead to a sustainable and elderly-friendly urban planning and policy.

Key words: elderly in urban areas, mobility, daily life, narrative analysis