地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1598-1608.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.12.008

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南京市城市老年人出行行为的影响因素

冯建喜1(), 杨振山2,**   

  1. 1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京,210093
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京,100101
  • 出版日期:2015-12-31 发布日期:2015-12-31
  • 通讯作者: 杨振山 E-mail:jxfup@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:冯建喜(1983-),男,陕西定边人,副研,从事居民时空行为、老龄化社会及城市区域规划研究,E-mail: jxfup@nju.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401150);建设部2015年度研究计划项目(2015-R2-008);国家自然科学基金青年—面上连续项目(41371008)

Factors influencing travel behavior of urban elderly people in Nanjing

Jianxi FENG1(), Zhenshan YANG2,*   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2015-12-31 Published:2015-12-31
  • Contact: Zhenshan YANG E-mail:jxfup@nju.edu.cn

摘要:

老年人在人口比例和绝对数量上的快速增长将对整个社会产生一系列影响,其中交通出行是非常重要的一个方面。本文基于2012年南京居民出行调查数据,发现相对于年轻人,老年人的日出行次数增加,但日出行时间和日出行距离都减少,说明老年人单次出行距离较短,且主要围绕“家”形成圆形的活动空间;从出行方式构成来看,老年人以步行和公交车为主,出行目的以娱乐、休闲和购物为主。运用次序Logit及线性回归模型,在确定老年人及其家庭的基本社会经济属性之后,发现城市建成环境对老年人的出行有显著影响。其中,城市人口密度会显著增加老年人的日出行次数,但其日出行距离反而有所减少;居住在原单位小区的老人日出行次数比居住于商品房的老人多,且出行距离也较短;说明混合用地以及紧凑的发展模式有利于促进老年人的出行。距离交通基础设施越近,老年人的出行越活跃。大型购物中心对老年人的购物出行没有显著影响,老年人更倾向于在街头小店购买物品。而小区周边体育馆、博物馆等设施对老年人的吸引力则不如棋牌室和公园广场。研究结果对老年人健康生活和科学合理布局城市设施具有一定的指导意义。

关键词: 城市设施, 老年人, 出行行为, 影响因素, 南京

Abstract:

The fast increase in absolute number and proportion of elderly population has a wide range of implications for society. The ability and patterns of mobility, which is heavily influenced by built environments, is center to the quality of life of elderly. Based on the Nanjing Residents Travel Survey 2012, this study found that elderly people made more trips but with shorter travel distance and travel time per day compared with young adults. This indicated that elderly action space was, to some extent, a circle around home. Regarding the choice of means and travel purposes, elderly were more likely to walk and cycle than the young cohorts and tended to make more trips for shopping and leisure purposes. The study also observed that compact urban form could make elderly have more out-of-home trips but with shorter travel distance. Close proximity to public transport facilities was related to more trip generation for elderly. Compared with shopping malls, street stalls were found to have more profound influences on the shopping behavior of elderly. Similarly, chess rooms and parks and square seemed more attractive than gyms and museums for elderly. The results of this study are relevant for making appreciate policies to distribute various public facilities for elderly in an aging society.

Key words: urban facility, elderly people, travel behavior, influencing factor, Nanjing