地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1195-1208.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.09.012

• • 上一篇    

新型城镇化背景下开发区转型研究——以广州民营科技园为例

魏宗财1(), 王开泳2*(), 陈婷婷3   

  1. 1. 香港大学城市规划及设计系,香港 999077
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中山大学城市化研究院,广州 510275
  • 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:魏宗财(1984-),男,山东潍坊人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市与区域发展,E-mail: zongcwei@hku.hk

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371178)

Transformation of economic and technological development zones in the context of new urbanization: a case study of the Guangzhou Private Science and Technology Park

Zongcai WEI1(), Kaiyong WANG2*(), Tingting CHEN3   

  1. 1. Department of Urban Planning and Design, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Urbanization Institute, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

《国家新型城镇化规划(2014-2020年)》的发布,标志着新型城镇化正式列入国家发展战略,如何在地方尺度上予以落实需要进一步的实践探索。随着改革开放的逐步深入,开发区作为特殊的政策空间,政策优势日渐消失,综合竞争力和活力下降。基于开发区既有的研究成果,以园区管理模式、产业创新及发展、对周边地区的带动、园区城镇化发展等为分析框架,本文以广州市民营科技园为典型案例,利用问卷调研、深入访谈等方法,通过对园区管委会、企业管理层、周边村民等利益群体的需求进行调查,深入了解当前园区发展的现状、问题及其发展诉求。认为扩园后的民营科技园不仅需要落实国家关于新型城镇化规划的要求,逐步由单一的工业区转变成为宜居宜业的综合型园区,从低度城镇化走向新型城镇化的转型升级等等,还需实现开发区的转型升级,从“制造”到“创造”,真正实现开发区可持续发展,对当前处于转型期的国内开发区发展具有导向与参考借鉴作用。

关键词: 新型城镇化, 开发区, 转型, 广州民营科技园

Abstract:

The National New Urbanization Planning (2014-2020) is regarded as the top institutional policy design to deal with urbanization-related issues at the national level. With the deepening of the reform and opening-up, policy advantages of economic and technological development zones have been gradually diminishing, and their comprehensive competitiveness and vitality have dropped. Using a questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews and based on the analysis of different interest groups, this research found that the development of the Private Science and Technology Park not only promotes the transformation from low-level urbanization to new urbanization for implementing the national new urbanization policy, but also should put forward development strategies to move from "manufacture" to "innovation" , so as to reshape the competitiveness and transformation from manufacture to innovative industry. This article may provide some references for the sustainable development of Chinese economic and technological development zones in the transitional age.

Key words: new urbanization, economic and technological development zone, transformation, Guangzhou Private Science and Technology Park