地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 713-720.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.05.012

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    

沿海地区海洋经济与社会变迁关联度评价——以辽宁省为例

狄乾斌, 孙阳   

  1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心, 辽宁大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-01 修回日期:2014-03-01 出版日期:2014-05-25 发布日期:2014-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 孙阳(1988-),男,陕西咸阳人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为区域经济,E-mail:sunyangsun_20@163.com。 E-mail:sunyangsun_20@163.com
  • 作者简介:狄乾斌(1977-),男,山东滕州人,博士,副教授,主要从事经济地理研究,E-mail:dqbwmn@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101571);教育部人文社科重点研究基地项目(10JJD790015);辽宁省高等学校杰出青年学者成长计划项目(WJQ2011014)。

Correlation of marine economy and social change in coastal areas:a case study in Liaoning Province

DI Qianbin, SUN Yang   

  1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2013-12-01 Revised:2014-03-01 Online:2014-05-25 Published:2014-05-25

摘要: 改革开放以来,中国沿海地区经济发展与社会变迁极其迅速,海洋经济发展同样迅速,海洋经济与沿海地区社会变迁之间的关联日益紧密。海洋经济介入沿海地区的社会生活领域,导致社会结构的重组、生活质量的改善和科学技术的建构。从动态系统的视角看,海洋经济系统与社会系统的互动耦合维持着两个系统的稳定性,最终形成一个复杂的相互制衡机制。本文通过对海洋经济与不同社会变迁因素的复杂关联和互动机制的研究,运用数量计算与定性分析相结合的方法,描述和分析了辽宁省2000-2010年间的海洋经济与社会变迁关联情况,并对其的关联度进行科学度量。结果表明:在所选取的社会变迁因素之中,海洋科学技术对海洋经济贡献较大,是海洋经济与社会变迁的关键因素;社会结构和生活质量对海洋经济贡献较小。

关键词: 关联度, 海洋经济, 辽宁省, 社会变迁

Abstract: Since the reform and opening up, coastal areas of eastern China have experienced very rapid economic development and social change as well as the development of the marine economy, resulting in a close correlation between the marine economy and various social changes. The development of marine economy promotes reorganization of social structures, improvement in quality of life, and advancement of science and technology. The interaction and coupling of the economic system and social system maintain the stability and healthy development of both and results in complex mutual balancing mechanisms. Understanding the relationship between marine economy and social change is an area of study of marine sociology. To make a reasonable correlation analysis, it is necessary to study specific economic and social systems in empirical research and to decompose the large complex systems into simple units. Through the analysis of the interrelations and interactions of these units in the two interrelated systems, a clearer understanding of the status of the overall system can be gained. In this study, by examining the complex interrelations and interaction mechanisms of the marine economy and the different factors associated with social change, we selected relevant indicators and analyzed and quantified the correlation of marine economy and social change in Liaoning Province between 2000-2010 through combined qualitative and quantitative research methods. The quantitative method includes an explanatory structural analysis model and gray relational analysis. The marine economic and social change correlation analysis shows that, among the selected factors affecting social change, marine science and technology contributed significantly to the larger marine economy and played a key role in the development of marine economy and social change; the contribution of social structure and quality of life of the communities to the development of marine economy is relatively small, but marine science and technology, social structure and qualify of life indicators together constitute the main contributing factors of marine economy development and social change. Marine science and technology directly enhance the degree of interdependence of the economic, social and human systems of coastal areas. Marine economy development, on the other hand, continues to influence and improve the social systems and promote the dynamic development of the society. In short, social progress depends on economic growth and development; certain social structures necessarily built on certain economic basis, that is, economic development is the driving force for social change and also a concrete manifestation of social change.

Key words: correlation, Liaoning Province, marine economy, social change

中图分类号: 

  • K909