地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 689-701.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.05.010

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

2003-2013年中国城市形态研究评述

王慧芳, 周恺   

  1. 湖南大学建筑学院, 长沙410082
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-01 修回日期:2014-04-01 出版日期:2014-05-25 发布日期:2014-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 周恺(1981-),男,湖南长沙人,博士,助理教授,主要从事城市规划新技术应用和城市与区域规划理论研究,E-mail:zhoukai_nju@hotmail.com。 E-mail:zhoukai_nju@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介:王慧芳(1964-),女,湖南长沙人,博士研究生,长沙市城乡规划局总规划师,主要研究方向为城市形态发展理论和城乡规划管理,E-mail:whf908@sina.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家教育部博士点基金项目(20130161120047);湖南大学青年教师成长计划项目(2012-075)。

Review of urban form, structure and morphology in China during 2003-2013

WANG Huifang, ZHOU Kai   

  1. School of Architecture, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
  • Received:2014-01-01 Revised:2014-04-01 Online:2014-05-25 Published:2014-05-25

摘要: 根据2003-2013年间在国内主要地理学、城市规划和建筑学期刊上发表的研究文献,对近10年间的城市形态相关研究的内容、方法和进展进行评述。文章在辨析城市“布局形态”、“结构形态”、“肌理形态”三大概念的基础上,将现有研究成果按城市形态影响要素分解、新技术方法应用、时间—空间维度探讨、可持续城市形态、城市形态规划、管理和控制,以及分城市、地区案例研究六大主线进行归纳,并评析现有成果的研究视角、技术方法、实践应用特点及其局限。比较中西方城市形态研究轨迹,国内研究习惯于通过实证主义的因果演绎和经验主义的案例归纳来理解现有城市的形态发展历程,并在借鉴历史经验和西方经验的基础上,寻求城市形态发展的“理想城市形态”。而西方研究则致力于寻求“可持续城市形态”的可操作性和实现方式,侧重于可持续发展的路径探索和规划应对。本文提出未来城市形态研究应更关注微观层面的肌理形态分析,应从更加温和、建设性的“时间—空间演化”视角探讨城市形态演进规律,为包容性、共生性的“可持续形态”演变发展构建理论基础。

关键词: 布局形态, 城市形态, 肌理形态, 结构形态, 研究综述, 中国

Abstract: This paper reviews research on urban form, urban structure, and urban morphology of Chinese cities published in major geography, urban planning, and architecture academic journals in the last decade (from 2003 to 2013). By firstly clarifying the working definitions of these three concepts, this paper categorizes current literatures into six major research themes: impacting factors of urban forms, application of new methods and models, time- space dimensions, sustainable urban forms, planning and management of urban forms, and regional case studies. Perspectives, findings, methods, and limitations of the reviewed research were evaluated together with their implementations in planning practices in recent years. By comparing the differences between research approaches in Chinese and English literature, this review shows that Chinese scholars are searching for an "ideal urban form model", which is built on historical studies on reform and reconstruction of urban form and borrowing classic theories from the West, while researchers in the West are currently searching for operational knowledge about a "sustainable urban form" and exploring the development policy and planning approach towards sustainability. Looking into the outcomes of the rapid contemporary urbanization in China, the "ideal urban form model" is problematic due to its ignorance of the smoothness and continuity in spatial change and the unique local cultural context in China, which led to general spatial and social conflicts between the new and old districts and the disappearing of historical and cultural blocks. Therefore, this paper suggests that further efforts should be made on studying local, micro-scale morphological pattern, in order to provide constructive knowledge within a framework that crosses time-space dimensions. Therefore more inclusive and sustainable urban forms could be achieved in the future planning and management practices.

Key words: China, review, spatial pattern, urban form, urban morphology, urban structure

中图分类号: 

  • TU984