地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 531-541.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.04.010

• 农村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于转型与协调视角的乡村发展分析——以山东省为例

李婷婷1,2, 龙花楼1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-01 修回日期:2014-02-01 出版日期:2014-04-25 发布日期:2014-04-25
  • 作者简介:李婷婷(1987- ),女,山西太原人,博士生,主要研究方向为乡村发展与土地利用,E-mail:litt_13b@126.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171149);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL01B05)。

Rural development from viewpoints of transformation and coordination:a case in Shandong Province

LI Tingting1,2, LONG Hualou1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-12-01 Revised:2014-02-01 Online:2014-04-25 Published:2014-04-25
  • Contact: 龙花楼(1971- ),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事乡村发展与土地利用研究,E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn。 E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要: 在乡村转型发展进程中,各发展要素转型之间往往存在不协调现象,超前转型或滞后转型现象时有发生,阻碍了乡村乃至整个城乡地域系统的持续、稳定和协调发展。基于此,分析研究区域乡村发展要素间转型的协调性对制定乡村发展战略具有重要的指导意义。综合集成传统地理学调查分析、数量模型模拟及“3S”决策支持等技术方法,构建乡村协调转型度模型,基于“人口—土地—产业”乡村发展三要素,搭建“乡村转型度—综合协调度—协调转型度”三维平台,从“转型”与“协调”视角分析了1990-2009 年间山东省乡村发展过程中乡村整体转型速度与乡村发展要素间转型协调性的关系。主要结论如下:① 乡村转型度空间结构逐渐由局部集聚向全局分散转变;综合协调度呈现小集聚、大分散的空间分布格局;协调转型度在“八五”、“九五”、“十五”、“十一五”时期与乡村转型度和综合协调度的空间分布格局呈现不同的耦合特点;② 乡村转型度和综合协调度与协调转型度之间的相关系数分别为0.92 和0.61,表明山东省乡村系统与城市系统之间“人口—土地—产业”要素的全面流动促使了其乡村系统的协调转型;③“转型”与“协调”分别代表了乡村转型发展进程中的“量”与“质”,乡村转型发展应秉着数量和质量并重的原则,持续稳定推进。

Abstract: Rapid urbanization and industrialization are accompanied with rural-urban migration and the recombination and interaction of socioeconomic development factors, which result in the restructuring of rural socioeconomic system and spatial configuration, including the migration of rural people, non- agricultural transition of employment, industrial development, and land use change. These changes break the traditional rural-urban dual structure and result in the overall rural transformation and development. In reality, there is often a lack of coordination between the transformation of rural development factors, which means the transition speed of one rural development factor is faster or slower than that of others. To some extent, this uncoordinated transformation hinders the sustainable development of the rural or the whole rural-urban system. Therefore, it is particularly important to analyze the coordination of transition of rural development factors. Shandong Province, located in the coastal area of eastern China, has experienced drastic changes in land use since the initiation of economic reforms in 1978. Rapid urbanization and industrialization boosted the development in the rural areas. Shandong has similar primary industry structure and similar urbanization rate to China's average. In addition, there is a clear gradient of regional economic growth from the eastern to the central and western parts of the province, which is extremely similar to the general spatial pattern of economic development in China. As such, Shandong Province can be considered a miniature of rural economic development in China. This paper selects Shandong Province as the case study area to analyze the development of rural area from the viewpoints of transformation and coordination. This paper integrates the methods of traditional geographical research and analysis, simulation of quantitative model and decision support system based on the "3S" technology to establish a coordinated transformation degree model and a three- dimensional space of rural transformation degree, integrated coordination degree and coordinated transformation degree, based on the three major rural development elements of population, land and industry. The relationship between rural transformation speed and the coordination characteristics of transformations of rural development elements in Shandong Province was analyzed from the viewpoint of "transformation" and "coordination". The main conclusions are as follows. (1) The spatial pattern of rural transformation degree gradually changed from local clustering to overall dispersion; the distribution of integrated coordination degree took on a dispersion pattern with some small clusters; the spatial pattern of coordinated transformation degree was coupled with that of rural transformation degree during 1990-1995 and 1995-2000, coupled with that of rural transformation degree and integrated coordination degree during 2000-2005, and coupled with the spatial pattern of integrated coordination degree during 2005-2009. (2) The correlation coefficient of rural transformation degree and coordinated transformation degree, and that of integrated coordination degree and coordinated transformation degree are 0.92 and 0.61, respectively. These results indicate that the overall flow of the development elements of population, land and industry between rural and urban systems will promote the coordinated transformation of rural areas. (3) "Transformation" and "coordination" represent the "quantity" and "quality" of development, which should be paid equal attention during the process of rural transformation and development.

中图分类号: 

  • F320.3