地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 508-516.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.04.008

• 城市与交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

2001-2010年黑龙江省城市创新能力格局与发展过程

谭俊涛1,2, 张平宇1, 李静1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所, 长春 130002;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-01 修回日期:2014-01-01 出版日期:2014-04-25 发布日期:2014-04-25
  • 作者简介:谭俊涛(1988- ),男,山东青岛人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市与区域发展,E-mail:tanjuntaocf@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41071108);国家自然科学基金青年项目(41201159);国家科技支撑计划课题项目(2008BAH31B06);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-342)。

Structure and development of urban innovation capability in Heilongjiang Province during 2001-2010

TAN Juntao1,2, ZHANG Pingyu1, LI Jing1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, CAS, Changchun 130002, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-11-01 Revised:2014-01-01 Online:2014-04-25 Published:2014-04-25
  • Contact: 张平宇(1966- ),男,吉林柳河人,研究员,博导,主要从事城市与区域发展研究,E-mail:zhangpy@neigae.ac.cn。 E-mail:zhangpy@neigae.ac.cn

摘要: 随着全球化和知识经济的发展,创新已经成为国家、区域和城市经济增长的关键动力,是各国发展的首要战略选择。通过构建城市创新能力评价指标体系,分析2001-2010 年间黑龙江省12 个地级市城市创新能力的分布格局和发展过程,结果显示:黑龙江省城市之间创新能力绝对差异十分明显,其中哈尔滨市创新能力远高于其他城市,大庆、齐齐哈尔和牡丹江市次之,其他城市创新能力普遍较低;黑龙江省的创新高值区域分布在哈大齐工业走廊;2001-2010 年间黑龙江省城市创新能力格局较稳定,但其区域差异和极化程度呈增大趋势。最后,分析了提高城市创新能力上存在的问题,并提出对策建议。

关键词: 城市创新, 创新能力, 黑龙江省, 区域差异

Abstract: Under the background of globalization and information economy, innovation has become the key factor for economic development of countries, regions and cities. Innovation is becoming a primary strategic choice for development of all countries. Because city is the main site where innovation takes place, urban innovation becomes a new research focus. Heilongjiang Province, as an old industrial base of the country, has abundant technology stocks. But due to the impact of the planned economy, its regional innovation environment is not very favorable and technological advantage cannot be used adequately. This paper analyzes the structure and development of urban innovation capability in Heilongjiang Province. It first built an urban innovation capability evaluation index system with four indicators (knowledge innovation capacity, technology innovation capacity, government support and service capacity, and innovation environment) and 24 variables and normalized the raw data and determined the weight of each variable and indicator. Using the weighted sum method, it calculated innovation capacity of each city, and analyzed the structure of innovation capacity. Then the paper analyzed the process of innovation capacity development in recent 10 years and the differences of innovation capability among 12 cities in Heilongjiang Province. The main results are as follows. (1) Innovation capacity of Harbin is much higher than other cities. The cities are divided into three categories according to the level of innovation capacity with the method of integrated cluster analysis. Harbin is in the first group; Daqing, Qiqihar and Mudanjiang are in the second group; and the others are in the third group. High values of innovation capacity occur in the Hadaqi (Harbin- Daqing-Qiqihar) industrial corridor. (2) Absolute differences among the cities of Heilongjiang Province are very large. By calculating the correlation coefficient of the 24 variables and urban innovation capability, an explanatory variable under each indicator, which has the highest correlation with urban innovation capability, is selected to represent the evaluation criterion for absolute differences among cities. The absolute differences among 12 cities as reflected by the four evaluation criteria are very large. Harbin's number of research and development staff is 155 times of Heihe's. (3) The pattern of urban innovation capability in Heilongjiang Province was stable over recent 10 years. The innovation capability of coal mining cities, Jixi, Qitaihe and Shuangyashan is declining. The main reason for this trend is its industrial structure that relies heavily on resource exploitation and lacks diversification of local economy and alternative industries. The regional differences and spatial polarization of urban innovation capability tend to increase. Especially since the state implemented the Strategy of Revitalizing Northeast China and Other Old Industrial Bases in 2003, such spatial differentiation accelerated. The government should not only pay attention to increasing the innovation capability but also coordinate the development within the region. Finally, this paper analyzed the problems in improving urban innovation capability of the major cities in Heilongjiang Province and put forward some policy recommendations. In the process of upgrading the cities' innovation capacity, the old industrial cities should build rational industrial innovation strategy according to the cities' own development characteristics; emphasize the importance of enterprises in the process of innovation and encourage them to improve technological innovation capability; strengthen the awareness for innovation; break barriers in the traditional planning system; and attract high quality human resources.

Key words: Heilongjiang Province, innovation capability, regional differences, urban innovation

中图分类号: 

  • K902