地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 441-446.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.04.001

• 本刊特稿 •    下一篇

土地利用变化与生态系统服务:概念、方法与进展

傅伯杰, 张立伟   

  1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-01 修回日期:2014-04-01 出版日期:2014-04-25 发布日期:2014-04-25
  • 作者简介:傅伯杰(1958- ),研究员,博士生导师,主要从事自然地理和景观生态学研究,E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230745)。

Land-use change and ecosystem services:concepts, methods and progress

FU Bojie, ZHANG Liwei   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2014-04-01 Revised:2014-04-01 Online:2014-04-25 Published:2014-04-25

摘要: 生态系统服务作为生态学与地理学的研究前沿和热点,受到众多学者与研究组织的关注。土地利用变化通过对生态系统格局与过程的影响,改变着生态系统产品与服务的提供能力。本文对土地利用变化与生态系统服务相关研究背景和概念进行了介绍,总结了生态系统服务评估方法的特点,对目前研究中存在的问题进行了分析,展望了未来的研究趋势。加强土地利用变化驱动下生态系统过程与服务的相互关系、生态系统服务之间的相互关系以及生态系统服务的区域集成与优化是生态系统服务研究的前沿科学问题,这些科学问题的解决将为生态系统管理提供重要的理论和方法支持。

关键词: 生态过程, 生态系统服务, 生态系统服务集成与优化, 生态系统管理, 土地利用

Abstract: As a frontier and hot topic in ecology and geography, the study of ecosystem services has attracted the interest of many scholars and research institutions. By changing the structure and processes of ecosystems, landuse change affects the provisioning capability of ecosystems for products and services. Study of the relationships between ecosystem processes and services, the relationships among multiple ecosystem services, and the integration and optimization of these services at the regional scale in the context of land-use change urgently needs to be enhanced. The results of such research will be critically important for informing and supporting activities of ecosystem management. This paper introduces the concepts and methods of the study of land- use change and ecosystem services and discusses the shortcomings of existing studies and future prospects of land-use change and ecosystem services research.

Key words: ecological process, ecosystem management, ecosystem services, integration and optimization of ecosystem services, land use

中图分类号: 

  • F301