地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1321-1328.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.015

• 文化与旅游地理 • 上一篇    

基于流域梯度差的旅游空间模型研究——兼论广西西江经济带旅游开发

韦智超1,2, 牛亚菲1, 陈田1   

  1. 1. 中科院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-01 修回日期:2011-05-01 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 作者简介:韦智超(1986-),女,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理与旅游区规划与设计。E-mail: xiaozhi_cathy@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40830741);广西壮族自治区人民政府项目“西江经济带(广西段)可持续发展研究”。

Tourism Spatial Model Study Based on the Gradient Difference of River Basin and Tourism Development in the Xijiang Economic Belt of Guangxi

WEI Zhichao1,2, NIU Yafei1, CHEN Tian1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-05-01 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 流域不仅是有序的自然地理空间也是内部密切关联的社会经济空间,二者叠合构成区域开发的重要地域单元。在流域开发中,旅游业的地位不断提升,成为流域开发的升级产业。本文集合国内外流域开发的学术研究与流域开发在发展阶段及空间布局上的基本实践规律,概括出基于流域空间的旅游发展的基本规律,集中探讨了流域发展中必经的时间断面特征,即经济发展的梯度差与生态环境的梯度差的表现及对旅游供需空间格局的影响,以此作为前提,给出理想情况下的线性旅游供需格局的空间模型,并进一步给出城市影响下流域旅游空间的重构模型。由模型分析了西江经济带现状的旅游供需格局,发现西江经济带中旅游供给基本上遵循流域特征的前提性假设,而旅游需求则呈现倒U字型格局,区内大城市在上游和中游地区的出现客观上加速了上游地区旅游业的发展进程,未来一段时期内西江经济带最主要的内生性增长力量为区域内的中游至下游的部分区段。

关键词: 广西, 流域, 流域梯度差, 旅游空间结构, 旅游空间模型, 西江经济带

Abstract: River basin is not only an ordered physical geographical space but also an inner closely-related social economic space, which made river basin an important district unit of regional development. In river basin development, the status of tourism is elevating and tourism proves to be the upgrading industry. This paper obtained the tourism development rule of river basin by reviewing the academic research and the practical development in the river basin. And then the paper, based on the gradient difference of river basin and six pieces of assumptions, built the ideal tourism spatial model by focusing on the tourism supply and demand structure. After that, we considered how the urban spatial structure affected the ideal tourism spatial model and built the tourism spatial model considering the effects of the urban areas. The main method to construct the tourism spatial model is deduction. Finally, we analyzed the tourism supply and demand structure of the Xijiang Economic Belt, and we found that the tourism supply abided by the assumption while the tourism demand showed a U-shaped structure. The appearence of cities in the upper and middle parts of the river basin accelerated the tourism development in the upper part of the Xijiang Economic Belt. In the near future, the middle and lower parts have the endogenic demand force in the Xijiang Economic Belt. In the study to complete the tourism spatial model of river basin will focus on ecological environment capacity, availability of tourist attractions and the key forces outside the river basin.

Key words: gradient difference, Guangxi, river basin, tourism spatial model, tourism spatial structure, Xijiang economic belt