地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1298-1304.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.012

• 文化与旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国当代地理教授、研究员地域分异

李双双, 延军平   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-01 修回日期:2011-06-01 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 作者简介:李双双(1988-),男,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为全球变化与区域灾害防治。E-mail: 40609010@stu.snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(D010106)。

Geographical Distribution and Regional Differentiation of Contemporary Geographical Professors and Researchers in China

LI Shuangshuang, YAN Junping   

  1. School of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-06-01 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 针对人才地理学对具有特殊专业或学科背景人才研究明显缺失的问题,选取具有地理学背景的教授、研究员为研究对象,对中国当代地理教授、研究员时空格局进行分析,揭示影响其数量、年龄结构及分布特征的因素。 结果表明:当代地理教授、研究员地域分布不均衡,南方多于北方,沿海多于内陆。东部多于中部,西部最少。青年地理教授、研究员本区比例则呈现东部少于中部,中部少于西部的特征。工作地区域聚集和空间分异现象明显。其特点反映了中国当代地理教授、研究员地域分异,除受经济地理环境、政治、文化等一系列因素影响外,还有其自身形成原因。

关键词: 地理人才, 地域分异, 教授, 研究员, 中国

Abstract: There have been few studies on the talents with geographical background. Based on the statistical data, this article examines Chinese contemporary geographical professors and researchers in several aspects, including the number, age structure, native place, geographical distribution and regional differentiation, and reveals the reasons for regional differences and relevant influencing factors. The results show that there is greater regional differentiation in eastern China than in western China, and also greater in southern China than in northern China. A large number of geographical brains are concentrated in Shaanxi, Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces, while fewer professors and researchers are distributed in northwestern China. The regional differences, to a certain extent, have been formed due to the intrinsic factors of geographical scholars, while they are affected by some factors such as economic condition, politics, and culture.

Key words: China, geographical brain, professor, regional differentiation, researcher