地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1255-1262.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.008

• 区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

空港经济区范围界定——以长三角枢纽机场为例

张蕾1,2,3, 陈雯1, 宋正娜4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049;
    3. 江苏教育学院地理系,南京 210013;
    4. 南京信息工程大学,南京 210044
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-01 修回日期:2011-04-01 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 作者简介:张蕾(1983-),女,讲师,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市与区域发展研究。E-mail: zhangleinj_1983@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCZ2-YW-339)。

Scope Determination of the Airport Industrial Zone: A Case Study of the Yangtze River Delta

ZHANG Lei1,2,3, CHEN Wen1, SONG Zhengna4   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Jiangsu Institure of Education, Nanjing 210013, China;
    4. Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-04-01 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 针对空港经济区相关研究一直依附于临空经济发展研究的现状,在分析空港经济区与临空经济区相互关系的基础上,明确了空港经济区概念,提出空港经济区范围界定方法:① 紧邻机场区域的建成区形成与否是判别空港经济区是否形成的依据之一;② 参照国内外成熟空港建设经验,对5 km半径范围和15分钟时间覆盖区域分别进行圈层划分,进而计算各圈层内部各类临空指向产业比重,由此确定空港经济区所在圈层;③ 根据企业空间布局,对基础圈层进行一定变形,并结合实证地区实际情况,对比分析同心圆圈层分析与时间半径分析结果,以确定空港经济区最终范围。对长三角枢纽机场的实证研究表明,上海虹桥国际机场已经形成以机场为中心,外延2 km的空港经济区,可达性分析表明,这一范围大致为空港交通走廊沿线6 分钟车程内的高可达性地区。而南京禄口国际机场和无锡硕放国际机场由于周边区域产业的临空指向性较弱,尚未形成空港经济区。

关键词: 长三角, 范围界定, 空港经济区, 南京禄口机场, 上海虹桥机场, 无锡硕放机场

Abstract: The research on the airport economic area always relys on the related research of airport industrial zone. After we analyze the difference and similarities between them,the concept of airport economic area is further clearfied. A case study of the hub-airport in the Yangtze River Delta is conducted. The determination of the airport economic area goes as follows. Firstly, if urban built-up areas adjacent to the airport area are formed or not is one of issues considered. Secondly, according to the experience at home and abroad, we determine that the 5-km radius area and the achievable places in 15 minutes from the airport are the initial study region, and all the enterprises inside are judged as having the hub-orientation functions and are divided into four categories. Then, inside the concentric circles of different radiuses and the time-based circles, the proportation of enterprises with strong hub-orientation functions is calculated as the evidence of the airport economic area. Finally, we compare the results between concentric circle analysis and time-based analysis, and confirm the scope of airport industrial zone. Researches on the three hub-airports show that Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport has an obvious airport economic area, extending about 2 km from the airport,while Wuxi Shuofang international airport and Nanjing Lukou international airport have no airport economic areas till now.

Key words: airport industrial zone, Nanjing Lukou airport, scope determination, Shanghai Hongqiao airport, Wuxi Shuofang airport, Yangtze River Delta