地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1247-1254.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.007

• 区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

新时期中国农村发展动态与区域差异格局

杨忍1,2, 刘彦随1, 刘玉1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-01 修回日期:2011-03-01 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965- ),男,陕西绥德人,研究员、博士生导师,主要从事土地利用和农业与农村发展研究,发表论文200 余 篇,出版著作11部。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:杨忍(1984-),贵州毕节市人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为乡村发展、土地利用与GIS应用。 E-mail: yangren0514@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130748);国家自然科学基金项目(41101162);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-304)。

Regional Difference and Patterns of China's Rural Development in the New Era

YANG Ren1,2, LIU Yansui1, LIU Yu1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-03-01 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 本文以2000、2004、2008 中国31 个省际农村发展指标面板数据,采用探索性因子分析的方法,对新时期中国农村发展状态的区域差异进行综合分析。从空间格局来看,东、中、西三大地带的农村发展具有明显的地域差异,农村发展的差异格局并未发生明显变化,东部>中部>东北>西部的格局依旧存在,农村的发展水平与区域经济发展水平存在一致性,自然资源禀赋与历史经济发展水平是中国农村发展区域差异基础,农村主体特征与区域发展阶段是导致农村发展区域差异的主要原因,偏向性的政府政策与全球性因素是强化区域差异的重要动力,而各地差异性的农村产业转型过程,是助推中国农村发展区域差异的核心机制。2000、2004 和2008 年中国农村发展差异度分别为0.356、0.413、0.386,这表明,自2000 年以来区域农村发展差异先拉大后缩小,总体上呈现扩大趋势,这是长期以来区域发展外部环境与农村自我发展能力综合作用的结果。从2000-2008 年中国农村发展“重心”移动的轨迹可以看出,中国农村发展的重心落在安徽省内,农村发展水平东西差异明显,2000-2004 年,中国农村发展水平的重心向北移动,北方地区的农村发展速度较快;2004-2008 年,中国社会主义新农村建设的战略部署和西部大开发战略的稳步推进,中国农村发展水平的东西差异有了一定缓和,重心向西南方向移动。

关键词: 农村发展, 区域差异, 因子分析, 中国

Abstract: In this paper, based on China's 31 provincial panel data of rural development indicators in 2000, 2004 and 2008, and the method of the exploratory factor analysis, the regional differences of new rural development were comprehensively analysed. The eastern, central and western regions had obvious geographical differences in rural development, and the rural development pattern did not change significantly. The pattern of eastern > Central> Northeast > Western remained unchanged, and the level of development in rural areas was the same as the regional economic development. The basic reason for the regional rural differences is the difference in the natural resources and level of economic development. The difference in regional development stage and the main features of rural development are the main reasons for the regional differences. Biased government policies and global factors are important driving forces to strengthen regional differences. The difference in industrial restructuring process in rural areas can increase regional differences. The difference degrees of the development in rural China were 0.356, 0.413 and 0.386, respectively in 2000, 2004 and 2008, which showed that since 2000 the regional differences were expanded. The moving trajectory of rural development in China can be seen during the period 2000-2008. The centre of gravity rural development is located in Anhui Province of China, and the differences in rural development are significant. The "center of gravity" of rural development shifted to the north from 2000 to 2004, and the rural development was quicker in the northern areas. China's strategic plan of building a new socialist countryside and the western development strategy made progress steadily in rural development. The level of rural development differences was reduced from 2004 to 2008.

Key words: China, factor analysis, regional differences, rural development