地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1225-1232.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.004

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京城市办公活动空间满意度分析

张景秋1, 郭捷2   

  1. 1. 北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京 100191;
    2. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-01 修回日期:2011-07-01 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 作者简介:张景秋(1967-),女,甘肃兰州人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为城市地理学,城市与区域规划。 E-mail: jingqiu@ygi.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40771063,41101144);北京市属高等学校人才强教计划资助项目(PHR201007146)。

Satisfaction Evaluation of Office Activities in Beijing

ZHANG Jingqiu1, GUO Jie2   

  1. 1. The College of Arts and Science of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2011-04-01 Revised:2011-07-01 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 以北京城市办公集聚区为调查范围,选取公司周边绿化、交通、商业配套设施状况以及公司所在地整体环境感受4 项主观评价指标,采取问卷调查方式,对北京城市以写字楼为载体的工作场所满意度进行调查和分析。 研究认为,北京城区办公活动空间满意度综合评价良好,其中对商业配套设施最为满意,对绿化状况最为不满。 从被调查的6 个行政区看,位于前3 名的分别是朝阳区、丰台区和东城区,海淀区因交通、商业配套不满意导致其综合评价为合格;从满意度的空间分布来看,北高南低,并向北和东北方向延展,形成岛状和片状高值区,与北京办公集聚区空间分布特点一致。城市工作者需要更加舒适的工作环境,对于北京城市工作场所的满意度研究,将有助于对城市从人的满意度和幸福感出发进行规划和建设。北京城市今后应注重对办公空间的整体规划,并依据功能定位和作用进行重点建设,从地方文化入手建设有中国特色和北京特点的办公空间,以办公空间优化引导北京南北城区之间均衡发展。

关键词: 办公活动, 北京, 空间分析, 满意度评价

Abstract: The study takes the office clusters in Beijing as the survey areas, selects the green lands, the traffic, the commercial facilities and the overall environment around companies as the four subjective evaluation indexes, and uses the questionnaires to survey and analyze the satisfaction for the office buildings. The study suggests that the overall satisfaction is good for the offices in Beijing; the highest satisfaction is for commercial facilities, and the most lowest satisfaction is for the green lands. From the six surveyed districts, we find that districts of Chaoyang, Fengtai and Dongcheng are the top three districts for office activity satisfaction. Haidian District is also qualified. According to the spatial analysis of the office activity satisfaction, the satisfication in the north is higher than in the south. These features are consistent with the distribution of office clusters in Beijing. Cities need a more comfortable living and working environment, and workplace occupies more than 1/3 of the life time. This study will help the urban planning and construction with the perspective of residents' satisfaction and happiness. First we should place emphasis on the comprehensive planning of the office space in Beijing. Second, we should establish the office space with Chinese characteristics and Beijing features based on the local cultures. Finally, we should focus on the balanced development between the northern and southerm parts of Beijing.

Key words: Beijing, office activities, satisfaction evaluation, spatial analysis