地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 658-669.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.06.003

• 研究进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

软件产业发展的经济地理学分析

毕秀晶, 汪明峰, 宁越敏   

  1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2010-09-01 修回日期:2011-01-01 出版日期:2011-06-25 发布日期:2011-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 汪明峰(1977-),男,副教授,研究方向为城市地理与区域规划。E-mail: mfwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:mfwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:毕秀晶(1985-),女,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理与城市经济。E-mail: xiujingbi@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41001106,40601028)。

Software Industry from an Economic Geographical Perspective: Progress and Implications for China

BI Xiujing, WANG Mingfeng, NING Yuemin   

  1. The Center of Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2010-09-01 Revised:2011-01-01 Online:2011-06-25 Published:2011-06-25

摘要: 20 世纪90 年代以来,全球软件产业迅速发展,成为众多国家和地区信息服务业的核心内容。软件服务外包在全球范围内兴起,软件产业全球生产网络日益复杂。软件产业不断成为政府以及学者们研究的新热点,经济地理学视角的软件产业研究也不断涌现,但研究对象主要以发达国家以及印度、巴西等少数新兴软件国家为主,对中国软件产业的经济地理学研究尚比较缺乏。基于此,文章综述国内外经济地理学视角下的相关研究、总结研究方法、探寻一般研究思路,以期为中国区域及城市的软件产业研究工作提供参考,共同丰富与充实软件产业研究的理论与实证。在已有文献资料基础上,从软件产业空间分布及演变、软件产业空间格局形成的动力机制、软件产业集群、软件产业全球生产网络4 个方面,对国外学者关于软件产业的经济地理学研究进展进行梳理,并总结软件产业相关研究的主要研究方法,最后提出对国内软件产业经济地理学研究的几点启示。

关键词: 产业集群, 空间分布, 全球生产网络, 软件产业

Abstract: Since the 1990s, the rapid development of the software industry has made the software industry become the main part of the informational service industry in many countries. At the same time, Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) is rising all over the world, which makes the GPN of software industry more complex. In recent years, the research on software industry has become popular in many fields such as economics, management, and economic geography. Though there were many papers on software industry from the economic geographical perspective, most of them focused on developed countries and India, while few academic researchers engaging in economic geography analyzed the software industry in China. Therefore, this paper reviews and studies on the researches on the software industry at home and abroad, and summarizes the general research approaches in order to provide a reference to studies on the software industry in China. This paper tries to give a systematic review of literatures on the economic geographical research of software industry from four aspects as follows: research on the distribution of the software industry at global, regional, and city-level scales, research on the driving forces of the software industry's spatial structure, research on the industrial cluster of software industry, and research on the GPN of software industry. Finally, on the basis of the above reviews, this paper summarizes the research methods and reveals some implications for the future researches on software industry in China.

Key words: GPN of software industry, industrial cluster, software industry, spatial distributions