地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 433-441.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.04.006

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所70周年所庆专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

世界地理研究回顾与展望——建所70周年世界地理研究成果与发展前景

毛汉英   

  1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2010-11-01 出版日期:2011-04-25 发布日期:2011-04-25
  • 作者简介:毛汉英(1938-),男,江苏江阴人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事城市与区域发展、世界地理研究。 E-mail: maohy@igsnrr.ac.cn

Review and Prospect of World Regional Studies

MAO Hanying   

  1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2010-11-01 Online:2011-04-25 Published:2011-04-25

摘要: 中科院地理科学与资源研究所建所70年来,世界地理研究由于坚持了紧密为国家政治斗争和社会经济建设服务的正确方针,在地缘政治与地缘经济、国家与区域地理的综合研究、部门地理与专题研究、中外对比研究、世界地理知识普及等方面取得了一系列重要研究成果。研究工作中存在的问题为:超前性不够、系统性不强、研究手段落后、资料来源单一、成果的深度有待提高。根据国内外政治经济形势发展的需求,今后世界地理研究应以地缘政治和地缘经济为主线,进一步加强对周边国家和地区及全球性重大专题研究,拓展海洋地理与海洋权益的研究,加强研究队伍建设和研究手段的革新。

关键词: 地缘政治与地缘经济, 国家与区域地理, 海洋地理, 世界地理, 专题研究

Abstract: In the 70 years after the founding of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research of CAS, adhering to the principle of serving national political struggle and social economic construction, world regional studies have made a series of significant achievements, including the geopolitics and geo-economics, comprehensive study of national and regional geography, branches of geography and thematic studies, comparative studies between China and foreign countries, and popularization of world regional studies. There are some problems in the research work: lack of advance, non systematic work, backward research methods, single information source and shallow study depth. According to the demands for domestic and foreign political and economic development, the future world regional studies should take geopolitics and geo-economics as the main line, strengthening the major thematic studies of surrounding nations and regions, expanding the research on marine geography and maritime rights, facilitating the research team-building and innovation of research methods.

Key words: geopolitics and geo-economics, marine geography, national and regional geography, thematic studies, world regional studies