地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 1597-1605.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.12.018

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国乡村旅游发展综述

郭焕成, 韩非   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所|北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-01 修回日期:2010-07-01 出版日期:2010-12-25 发布日期:2010-12-25
  • 作者简介:郭焕成(1936-)|男|研究员|博士生导师|曾任中国地理学会可持续农业与乡村发展专业委员会主任、北京市地理学 会理事长|主要从事农业与乡村地理、乡村景观规划与土地利用、都市农业与观光休闲农业、乡村旅游等研究。 E-mail: guohc@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971102)。

Review on the Development of Rural Tourism in China

GUO Huancheng, HAN Fei   

  1. Institution of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-03-01 Revised:2010-07-01 Online:2010-12-25 Published:2010-12-25

摘要:

乡村旅游是以农业为基础,以旅游为目的,以服务为手段,以城市居民为目标,第一产业和第三产业相结合的新型产业。乡村旅游可以合理开发城市边缘区景观生态资源,发展城郊生态旅游,实现城市和乡村优势互补、协调发展。乡村旅游在中国先后经历了早期兴起阶段、初期发展阶段和规范经营阶段,从最初的资源特色主导、农业产业主导和政府扶持主导过渡到了现今的市场主导。本文基于乡村旅游的产生背景和概念特征,对中国乡村旅游的发展进行了全面论述,分析了乡村旅游的发展现状和主要模式,并针对当前存在的主要问题提出了相应的发展对策,最后对乡村旅游的发展前景进行了展望,以期能用以指导未来中国乡村旅游的可持续发展。

关键词: 发展模式, 发展现状, 未来展望, 乡村旅游, 中国, 综述

Abstract:

Rural tourism is such a new industry which combines primary industry with tertiary industry. Rural tourism is based on agriculture, aiming at developing tourism in rural area and serving the urban residents by providing various services. Rural tourism can develop landscape resources in rurban fringe to promote eco-tourism and to realize the coordinated development of the cities and countryside. In China, rural tourism successively experiences three stages, eg. early rising stage, initial development stage and later normative operating stage. This paper, based on the background and the concept of rural tourism, comprehensively discusses the development of rural tourism in China, analyzes the current situations and the main patterns of rural tourism, and puts forward some relevant countermeasures for the current problems. Finally, the paper discusses the prospect of the future sustainable development of rural tourism in China.

Key words: China, current situation, development pattern, future prospect, review, rural tourism