地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 1570-1576.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.12.014

• 交通与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

机场运营与区域经济增长关联性——以南京禄口国际机场为例

张蕾1,2,3, 陈雯1, 宋正娜1,2, 薛俊菲1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所|南京210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院|北京100049;
    3. 江苏教育学院地理系|南京210013
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-01 修回日期:2010-05-01 出版日期:2010-12-25 发布日期:2010-12-25
  • 作者简介:张蕾(1983-)|女|讲师|博士研究生|主要研究方向为城市与区域发展研究。E-mail: zhangleinj_1983@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCY2-YW-339)。

Study on the Relationship between Airport Operation and Regional Economic Growth

ZHANG Lei1,2,3, CHEN Wen1, SONG Zhengna1,2, XUE Junfei1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Jiangsu Institure of Education, Nanjing 210013, China
  • Received:2010-03-01 Revised:2010-05-01 Online:2010-12-25 Published:2010-12-25

摘要:

首先构造了机场发展规模作用于其与都市区各类空间之关系的理论框架,然后以南京为例进行实证研究。研究表明,南京仍然处于区域带动机场发展的阶段,机场对城市的辐射效应微弱,中心城区对机场客货运业务的带动较市域经济强,腹地活跃的商务活动和发达的都市服务业,为机场提供了总量支撑;江宁区与机场业务的关联主要体现在货运层面,机场货运业务的发展推动了江宁经济,反之,江宁区对机场货运的带动不甚明显;机场运营对其所在地禄口街道的经济影响微弱,而禄口街道对机场客运有明显促进作用,但在货运方面,由于街道工业园区内企业的航空货运需求普遍不强,因此其对货运业务的推动很不明显。可以预见,随着机场规模的持续扩张,南京禄口机场将从依托城市发展转向带动城市经济增长,并对禄口街道和江宁区产生明显溢出效应。

关键词: 格兰杰检验, 机场, 禄口国际机场, 南京, 区域经济增长

Abstract:

On the basis of constructing a theoretical framework on how the airport scale acts on its relation with different spaces of city, this paper takes Nanjing as a case for empirical study. The study shows that Nanjing Lukou international airport is still receiving radiation from Nanjing city, and the central urban area exerts strong effects compared to the municipal administrative areas, because the active business economics of hinterland provides sufficient passengers and cargo for the airport. Jiangning district mainly has relation with the airport in cargo transportation, and the increasing air cargo provides impetus to the district’s economic growth. The impact of economic growth on the air cargo is not obvious. Although the airport almost have no impact on the economic growth of Lukou. Lukou provides passengers to the airport. On the other hand, because the enterprises in the airport economic area have less needs for air cargo, the economic growth of Lukou district has no obvious impact on air cargo. It can be predicted that with the expansion of the airport, the airport will spur regional economic growth and will certainly have external economic effects on the Lukou district and Jiangning district.

Key words: airport, Granger test, Lukou international airport, Nanjing, regional economic growth