地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1153-1161.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.10.001

• 方法模型与应用 •    下一篇

国外重大自然灾害区域重建规划的理念和启示

王岱1, 张文忠1, 余建辉1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所区域可持续发展与模拟重点实验室,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 出版日期:2010-10-25 发布日期:2010-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文忠(1966-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事城市和区域发展研究。E-mail:zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:wangdai@igsnrr.ac.cn;zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王岱(1978-)|男|博士|助理研究员|主要从事经济地理和区域发展研究。E-mail:wangdai@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目群(KZCX-YW-Q06).

Concept and Inspiration from the Plans of Restoration and Reconstruction in Foreign Countries for Areas Affected by Large-scale Natural Disasters

WANG Dai1, ZHANG Wenzhong1, YU Jianhui1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2010-10-25 Published:2010-10-25

摘要:

5·12 四川汶川地震,4·14 青海玉树地震及8·7 甘肃舟曲特大泥石流等突发性重特大自然灾害发生地区的灾后重建是非常复杂而漫长的工作。灾后重建规划是推进灾区恢复重建工作的重要依据,不断完善重建规划的理论和方法对提高我国综合减灾恢复重建能力意义重大。本研究通过系统梳理大量国际组织发表的文献资料,总结了1995 年日本阪神地震、2004 年印度洋地震海啸、2005 年美国Katrina 飓风的灾后重建规划及规划实施中的先进理念,分析提出积极推进今后我国在灾后重建过程中体现灾区民意和强化生产、生活氛围复兴(软环境重建)工作的重要意义。

关键词: 美国Katrina飓风, 日本阪神大地震, 印度洋地震海啸, 灾后重建规划

Abstract:

The plan of rehabilitation and reconstruction is an important foundation for the advancement of restaration and reconstruction in disaster affected areas. It is of great significance for the promotion of the capability of disaster prevention, restoration and reconstruction and the continuous improvement of the theory and methods for restaoration and reconstruction. Through a great plenty of literatures and materials published by international organizations, this study analyzes and summarizes the developed concept and ideas as well as the implementations of restoration and reconstruction in the areas affected respectively by the Great Hanshin Earthquake in 1995, the Sumatra Earthquake and Tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004, and the Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Finally, this study points out that in the process of restoration and reconstruction in China, more efforts should be made in two aspects, which are attention/reflection of publics’desire and construction of intangible environment.

Key words: the great Hanshin Earthquake, the Hurricane Katrina, the Sumatra Earthquake and Tsunami, the plans of restoration and reconstruction