地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 657-662.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.06.003

• 文化与旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

1998-2009 年重庆市磁器口古镇旅游用地空间结构演变

刘俊1,2,3, 袁红1   

  1. 重庆师范大学旅游学院,重庆400047;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    3. 重庆旅游发展研究中心,重庆400047
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-01 修回日期:2010-02-01 出版日期:2010-06-25 发布日期:2010-06-25
  • 作者简介:刘俊(1979-),男,博士,主要研究方向为旅游地理学.E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国博士后基金项目(20060400493).

The Evolution of Tourism Spatial Pattern of Ciqikou Ancient Town in Chongqing from 1998 to 2009

LIU Jun1,2,3, YUAN Hong1   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 400047, China;
    2. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Center for Chongqing Tourism Research and Development, Chongqing 400047, China
  • Received:2009-09-01 Revised:2010-02-01 Online:2010-06-25 Published:2010-06-25

摘要:

通过入户调查,分析了1998-2009 年重庆市磁器口古镇旅游用地的空间格局。结果表明:1998-2009 年间磁器口古镇旅游地空间结构发生了显著变化。2002-2005 年是旅游用地增长最快的时期,早期以单位占地面积较大 的商家为主,此后小商户占据了越来越重要的地位。从空间格局看,旅游用地从早期沿核心街道南北两端集中布局模式,逐步演变为向外围街道扩散的均衡布局模式。旅游餐饮、购物和娱乐是磁器口古镇最重要的3 种功能,但不同时期3 种功能的重要性有所不同:以商户数为标准,旅游购物是最重要的旅游功能;但若以用地面积作为衡量指标,除2002-2005 年外,在各时期餐饮功能均表现出明显的优势。此外,旅游餐饮用地格局从分散布局特征逐步演变为南北两端集中分布,且餐饮功能表现出向核心街区外围扩散的趋势;旅游购物用地则在古镇南部入口处集中分布;旅游娱乐用地则在街区中部和北部沿江地带相对集中分布。

关键词: 磁器口, 古镇, 空间格局, 旅游用地, 重庆

Abstract:

The spatial patterns of the tourism land of Ciqikou ancient town in Chongqing from 1998 to 2009 are established through household survey. Great changes have taken place in the spatial pattern of the tourism land of Ciqikou throughout the years from 1998 to 2009. The period of 2005 to 2009 sees the most rapid increase in tourism land. The early stage witnesses the dominance of some big businesses which occupy lands with comparatively large units, and later, small businesses play a more and more important role. From the spatial pattern, it can be found that the early tourism lands concentrated from the north to the south along the main street and that pattern gradually evolved into a balanced layout that expanded to the outside streets. Tourism and catering business, shopping and entertainment are the three of the most important functions in the Ciqikou historical and cultural block, but the importance varies in different periods. Considering the number of businesses, tourism and shopping is the most important tourism function. As for the land use, catering function exhibits evident advantage in different periods except the period from 2002 to 2005. Moreover, the land for tourism and catering evolved from a scattering pattern to a pattern concentrating in both parts of the south and the north. The function of catering shows a trend of expanding to the streets outside the center. The land for tourism and shopping concentrates on the southern entrance of the historical block. The land for tourism and entertainment comparatively concentrates in the middle of the block and the northern area along the river.

Key words: ancient town, Chongqing, Ciqikou, spatial pattern, tourism land