地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 649-656.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.06.002

• 文化与旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

历史街区地方文化的变迁与重塑 ———以北京什刹海为例

谌丽1,2, 张文忠1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:2010-05-01 出版日期:2010-06-25 发布日期:2010-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文忠(1966-),男,呼和浩特市人,博士,研究员.研究方向是城市和区域发展等.E-mail: zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:谌丽(1985-),女,四川绵阳人,研究方向是宜居城市和商业地理等.E-mail: cleo_li@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40571048);国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635026).

The Change and Reconstruction of Local Culture in Response to Urban Renewal and Globalization: A Case Study of Shichahai Historic District

CHEN Li1,2, ZHANG Wenzhong1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:2010-05-01 Online:2010-06-25 Published:2010-06-25

摘要:

如何保护与发展地方传统文化是许多历史城市所面临的一个重要问题。基于文化生态学理论,将文化当作 一个有机体,当其生存环境发生变化之后,文化所包含的内容将发生一系列变化。本文以北京什刹海历史街区为 例,探讨在旧城更新与全球化的双重作用下,地方文化如何回应环境的变化。资料分析和调查结果表明:什刹海的 传统文化特色正在削弱,且外来文化与地方文化之间存在隔离;外来文化进入什刹海之后一般会产生适应新环境 的进化现象;就什刹海地方文化建议而言,要最大程度的保护传统物质空间,积极发展具有地方文化特色的业态, 尽量维持原有社会网络和生活方式。

关键词: 旧城更新, 全球化, 什刹海, 文化变迁, 文化重塑

Abstract:

How to protect and develop local traditional culture is an essential problem faced by historic cities. According to cultural ecology, culture is deemed as an organism in the ecological system, which will change with the environment. This research, taking the Shichahai historic district of Beijing as an example, discusses how local culture changes in response to urban renewal and globalization. Shichahai historic district holds the largest land and population of all the 25 protected districts of history and culture in Beijing. The local culture of Shichahai is representative of Beijing culturel, which is a conbination of royal culture, celebrity culture and civil culture. The local culture here is a kind of “recreation culture”. In fact, Shichahai area has been known as a commercial district and a recreation district since the Ming Dynasty. All the people, both the rich and the poor, can have fun in the same place, and this make Shichahai so special compared to the other parts of Beijing. The research result shows that the traditional characteristics of local culture in Shichahai are fading away. Furthermore, as we find from the survey, the participants of current culture (owners and customers of the bars) are not local people. There is a lack of communication between local culture and current culture. This research also finds that foreign culture will change itself in order to adapt to the new environment. Finally, this paper put forward some suggestions for reconstructing the local culture of Shichahai, that is to protect the material environment, develop characteristic cultural industry and keep the original social networks and life style.

Key words: cultural change, globalization, Shichahai, the reconstruction of culture, urban renewal