地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 293-300.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.02.019

• 产业发展与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

福建省区域空间结构演化及优化

吴得文1,2, 毛汉英3, 张小雷1, 汤小华4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐830011;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    4. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州350007
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-01 修回日期:2009-02-01 出版日期:2009-03-25 发布日期:2009-03-25
  • 作者简介:吴得文(1972-),男,安徽安庆人,博士生.主要从事区域经济与城市规划研究.E-mail: fujiandewen@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑项目(2006BAJ14B01-04);国家软科学项目(2006CX2B042).

The Evolution and Optimization of Space Structure of Fujian Province

WU Dewen1,2, MAO Hanying3, ZHANG Xiaolei1, TANG Xiaohua4   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2008-10-01 Revised:2009-02-01 Online:2009-03-25 Published:2009-03-25

摘要:

以福建省县(市)为基本单元,选取10 个指标综合评价各县(市)经济实力,通过4 个典型年份的数据来探究 改革开放以来福建省区域空间结构演化过程,结果表明:经济重心逐渐向东南移动;区域经济空间分布具有明显地 域性,沿海轴正成为全省重要空间发展轴;西北地区空间结构演化慢、所处阶段低,东南沿海演化快、所处阶段高; 空间结构呈“开”字型结构。最后,在分析福建省区域空间结构演化的动力机制及空间结构优化必要性的基础上,提 出福建省空间结构优化设想:一方面,近期福建省要强化与浙南、粤东北、赣东北和赣南的经济联系,加快建设海峡 西岸经济区;远期在海峡西岸经济区的基础上,进一步加强与台湾的经济联系,构筑海峡经济区,以构建外部拓展 空间。另一方面,优化九大增长极及建设由6 条快速通道及沿海港口群组成的“ ”型开放式空间结构,以优化内部 空间,形成内优外拓的良性空间格局。

关键词: 福建省, 空间结构, 区域发展

Abstract:

This paper is meant to explore the evolution process of the regional space structure of Fujian Province by setting the counties (cities) of the province as basic unit and selecting 14 indicators to calculate the weight of each indicator by means of principal component analytical method to comprehensively evaluate the economic power of respective counties (cities), based on the data of four typical years. It comes out with the following findings: the economic focus of Fujian Province is moving toward southeast; the regional economic space layout shows dramatic regionalization; the coastal axle is becoming a critical space growth axis for Fujian Province; the space structure of northeast evolutes slowly at preliminary stage, while the space structure of southeast coastal area evolutes speedily at a high stage; its space structure appears in the shape of the Chinese character “ 开(kai)”. A further analysis is made to explain that the momentum mechanism including the transfer of regional development strategy, difference in infrastructure development, discrepancy in industrial cluster development, the impact of economic globalization since the 1990s accelerates the evolution of regional space structure of Fujian Province. It then expounds the necessity of optimizing the space structure of Fujian Province to address the issues like the increasing prominence of the core -edge structure, the dramatic space cluster, the disconnections in the prosperous zone of southeast coastal area, the closure of its natural environment, the market space being captured, the urgent need to expand space. Based on the analysis of the momentum mechanism of the regional space structure evolution of Fujian Province and the necessity of space structure optimization, a vision of optimizing the space structure of Fujian Province is proposed here: On the one hand, it is urgent for Fujian Province to strengthen the economic ties with south Zhejiang Province, northeast Guangdong Province, and northeast and south Jiangxi Province to speed up the establishment of west Taiwan Strait economic zone in the short run; in the long term, it is strategically important to enhance the economic relationship with Taiwan and construct Taiwan Strait economic zone taking advance of west Taiwan Strait economic zone to build up external expansion space. On the other hand, it is imperative to optimize the nine growth poles and construct a “ shaped” open space structure composed of six rapid passages and clusters of coastal ports in Fujian province to optimize its inside space structure. As a result, a sound, internally optimized, and externally expansive space structure will be taking shape in Fujian Province.

Key words: Fujian Province, regional development, space structure