地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 167-173.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.02.002

• 地表过程 • 上一篇    下一篇

干旱内陆河流域地表水地下水联合调度研究进展

孙栋元1,2, 伊力哈木1,2, 冯省利3, 赵成义1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐830011;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049;
    3. 新疆生产建设兵团农一师勘测设计院,阿克苏843000
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-01 修回日期:2008-12-01 出版日期:2009-03-25 发布日期:2009-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 赵成义(1966-),新疆玛纳斯人,研究员,博士,主要从事干旱区水土资源开发与管理、水文学过程与生态学过程耦合 机理的研究.E-mail: zcy@ms.xjb.ac.cn E-mail:zcy@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:孙栋元(1978-),甘肃民乐人,博士研究生,主要从事荒漠化防治与水文水资源方面研究.E-mail:gsausundy@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40830640); 国家科技支撑计划(2007BAC03A0604); 中国科学院知识创新项目 (KZCX2-YW-127).

Progress in the Study on Conjunctive Regulation of Surface Water and Groundwater in Arid Inland River Basins

SUN Dongyuan1,2, Yilihamu1,2, FENG Shengli3, ZHAO Chengyi1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Institute of Investigation and Design, the First Agricultural Division, Aksu 843000, China
  • Received:2008-10-01 Revised:2008-12-01 Online:2009-03-25 Published:2009-03-25

摘要:

地表水-地下水联合调度是解决干旱内陆河流域水资源短缺的一个有效途径,对干旱区水资源优化配置具 有重要意义。以地表水地下水联合调度内涵为基础,分析了干旱内陆河地表水-地下水联合调度模式的国内外研究 现状,对地表水地下水联合调度的研究方法进行了评价并指出存在的不足之处,展望了地表水与地下水联合调度 的研究趋势。指出在未来地表水-地下水联合调度中应加强与气象学、生态学等多学科交叉研究。探讨内陆河水资 源高效利用模式和基于生态健康和环境发展的内陆河环境需水定值方法与阈值。开发内陆河地表水地下水联合调 度信息系统和管理模式。指出综合水循环组成部分的集成模型是地表水-地下水联合调度模型发展的必然趋势。

关键词: 地表水-地下水, 干旱内陆河, 井渠结合, 联合调度, 人工回灌, 系统规划

Abstract:

Surface water and groundwater conjunctive regulation is an effective approach for solving shortage of water resource in arid inland river basins that is essential significance to the optimum allocation of water resources in arid region. Based on connotations of conjunctive regulation of surface water and groundwater, the present situation on conjunctive regulation of surface water and groundwater was summarized at home and abroad. Some relative study methods were evaluated and shortcomings were pointed out. The research trends of surface water and groundwater conjunctive regulation were prospected. It is proposed that cross discipline collaboration, such as meteorology, ecology, should be paid more attention in formation mechanism of surface water and groundwater conjunctive regulation in the future. The information systems and management model of surface water and groundwater conjunctive regulation were developed for inland rivers. The high-effective use model of water resources based on ecological health and development of environment demand water value method and threshold on environment were discussed in inland rivers. It is suggested that integrated model for synthetic component of water circle is becoming a trend in model development on surface water and groundwater conjunctive regulation.

Key words: arid inland river, artificial recharge, conjunctive regulation, present situation, programming of system, surface water and groundwater, well-canal integrity