地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 104-111.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.06.015

• 交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州市地铁开发对沿线商业业态空间的影响

林耿,张小英,马扬艳   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院城市与区域规划系/城市与区域研究中心,广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2008-06-01 修回日期:2008-10-01 出版日期:2008-11-25 发布日期:2008-11-25
  • 作者简介:林耿(1972-),男,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为商业地理学和城市地理学.E-mail:lingeng00@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40401018);广东省自然科学基金项目(5300826);广东省软科学研究项目(2006B70105002).

The Influence of Metro System on Commercial Space Structure along the Line in Guangzhou

LIN Geng, ZHANG Xiaoying, MA Yangyan   

  1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2008-06-01 Revised:2008-10-01 Online:2008-11-25 Published:2008-11-25

摘要:

以广州市地铁一号线、二号线和三号线为例,分析地铁开发对沿线商业业态空间的影响,并从行为地理的 角度进行解释。地铁开发强化了商业空间的等级分异,城市中心区商业中心的集聚效应得到加强,而城区和郊区商 业空间的分异进一步加大。消费者的行为显示出购物中心正成为现代消费社会下商业空间的主导业态,而经营者 的选址行为也在增强商业中心的极化能力。结论认为,地铁开发并没有均质优化沿线所有站点的商业环境,而是通 过其快捷交通引导各种业态向城区集聚,加速了郊区化背景下大城市商业业态的向心集聚;地铁建成后城区商业 中心地位的加强,得益于购物中心在业态空间中主体地位的确立,地铁开发塑造了以购物中心为主体的商业业态 空间结构;地铁开发也加速了沿线换乘站点周边商业区的生长。

关键词: 地铁, 购物中心, 广州, 消费者, 业态

Abstract:

This article analyses the influence of metro system on commercial space structure along the line by taking Guangzhou metro lines 1, 2 and 3 for example and explains it from the perspective of behavior geography. The development of metro system has strengthened the grade-differentiation of commercial space. The convergence effect has been intensified on business center at urban central area, and the divergence effect has been enlarged between city proper and suburbs. The investigation into consumer behavior shows that shopping center is becoming the ruling type of operation in contemporary consumer society. The investigation into business operators in terms of location determination shows that the tendency of polarization of business center is becoming stronger. This paper points out that the metro does not improve all business environment along the line, but accelerates the centripetal effect of the commercial types by fast traffic in suburbanization. The metro strengthens business center status in built-up area because of the main role of shopping center. The metro shapes the structure of commercial space of shopping center orientation. This structure is derived from the choice of consumer behavior. The metro also accelerates the development of business districts revolved around the transfer station.

Key words: consumer, Guangzhou, metro, shopping center, type of operation