地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 90-96.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.06.013

• 城乡发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

传统乡村地域文化景观研究进展

孙艺惠1,2, 陈田1, 王云才3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049;
    3. 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海200092
  • 收稿日期:2008-08-01 修回日期:2008-10-01 出版日期:2008-11-25 发布日期:2008-11-25
  • 作者简介:孙艺惠(1977- ),女,山东烟台人,博士生,研究方向为旅游地理和旅游规划.E-mail:Sunyh.06b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(50878162);北京市教育委员会共建项目.

Progress and Prospects in Research of the Traditional Rural Cultural Landscape

SUN Yihui1,2, CHEN Tian1, WANG Yuncai3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200029, China
  • Received:2008-08-01 Revised:2008-10-01 Online:2008-11-25 Published:2008-11-25

摘要:

传统乡村地域文化景观既是历代劳动人民的智慧结晶,也是传承地域文化的物质载体,具有重要的历史、 文化和科研价值。随着对景观文化遗产保护由局部点状斑块向区域性文脉整体保护认识的转变,相关研究日益受 到国内外更多学者的关注。本文从传统乡村地域文化景观概念与内涵阐释入手,对近20 年来国内外相关研究进展 进行了总结,认为目前的研究主要集中在乡村地域文化景观的特征、景观的变化、景观的保护三大方面,其中,在现 代经济的冲击下乡村地域文化景观的变化及相应的保护调控措施是学者们研究的重点;学者们运用历史学、地理 学、建筑学、景观生态学理论与方法,形成了多学科参与研究的良好局面,但是在研究的内容和深度方面还有待于 进一步深入。

关键词: 景观保护, 景观变化, 文化景观, 乡村

Abstract:

There are rich cultural landscapes in the vast rural space worldwide. As the crystallization of the working people's wisdom of several times, the traditional rural cultural landscape is also the important carrier of regional culture, especially for traditional culture. But with the development of modernization, urbanization and industrialization, both the physical and spiritual situations of rural areas are experiencing tremendous changes, and the traditional rural cultural landscape is facing unprecedented challenges. Over commercialization and rapid modernization have become key problems for the landscape conservation, and one of the most serious consequences is that the characteristic of integrity and continuity of regional cultural landscape suffers destruction and especially the traditional culture has gradually disappeared. So researchers at home and abroad give much attention to it and they have got many results. On the basis of reviewing the researches progressing on the traditional rural cultural landscape over the past 20 years, the paper concludes that previous researches concentrate on the character, evolvement and conservation with the feature of multidisciplinary study. The development mechanism and corresponding control measures are the foci of all the studies. But both the research contents and the research degrees need to be lucubrated. Finally, the authors also put forward some themes to which special attention should be paid in the coming days.

Key words: cultural landscape, landscape change, landscape protection, rural areas