地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 89-95.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.02.012

• 经济地理与旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国食物安全研究进展及展望

孟繁盈,许月卿   

  1. 中国农业大学资源与环境学院土地资源管理系,北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2007-12-01 修回日期:2008-02-01 出版日期:2008-03-25 发布日期:2008-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 许月卿( 1972-) , 女, 河北省定州市人, 博士后, 副教授, 主要从事土地资源利用与评价等方面研究.
  • 作者简介:孟繁盈(1985-)| 女, 硕士研究生, 主要从事土地资源管理方面的研究.
  • 基金资助:

    "十一五"国家科技支撑计划"综合生态与食物安全风险防范关键技术示范(2006BAD20B07) "课题资助.

Advances and Expectations of China Food Secur ity Resear ches

MENG Fanying, XU Yueqing   

  1. College of Resources and Environment, China Agriculture University, Beijing 100094
  • Received:2007-12-01 Revised:2008-02-01 Online:2008-03-25 Published:2008-03-25

摘要:

保障我国食物安全是我国一切建设发展的前提和基础。在我国农业基础资源日益紧缺以及加入WTO 的 国情下, 食物安全面临着新的机遇与挑战。本文回顾了食物安全概念的演变过程, 综述了我国在自然基础资源与食 物安全、食物安全现状及其评价、国际贸易和经济全球化对食物安全的影响以及食物安全预警和管理等方面的研 究进展, 并对未来我国食物安全研究进行了展望。研究表明: 今后我国食物安全研究应在以下方面需要加强: 在研 究内容上, 不仅重视食物数量保障, 更应注重食物质量安全、食物资源可持续利用和综合食物安全风险评价与预警 等方面; 在研究视角上, 不仅重视宏观食物安全研究, 更应重视微观食物安全; 在研究方法和手段上, 应当充分运用 现代科学技术, 如网络技术、空间模拟技术以及3S 技术等, 进一步加强综合食物安全的定量和动态研究。

关键词: 进展, 食物安全, 展望

Abstract:

Guaranteeing China's food security is the basic foundation of all the development. With the realities of agricultural infrastructure resources becoming scarce and China's entry into WTO, the food security faces new challenges and opportunities. This paper reviewed the evolution of the concept of food safety, and summarized the research on the relationship between basic natural resources and food security, the status quo and evaluation of food safety, the impact of international trade and economic globalization on food safety, and food security warning and administration. Besides, the paper also had a prospect on future hotspots of food security. The research shows that, from now on, we should emphasize the research on the following aspects: in researching contents, not only focus on food quantity and safety, but also pay more attention to food quality and safety, sustainable use of food resources and risks evaluation of food security; in terms of research scopes, not only attach importance to macroscopic food safety research, but also put more emphase on microcosmic food safety research. In researching ways and means, modern science and technology should be used completely, such as computer technology, network technology, space technology and 3S technology, so as to strengthen the quantitative study of comprehensive food safety risk.

Key words: advances, expectations, food security