地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 16-23.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.01.002

• 水文与水资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

论水权的性质及构成

朱一中1, 夏 军2,3   

  1. 1. 华南理工大学政治与公共管理学院, 广州 510641|
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京 100101|
    3. 武汉大学资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室,武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2005-09-01 修回日期:2005-11-01 出版日期:2006-01-25 发布日期:2006-01-25
  • 作者简介:朱一中(1969-),女,湖南人,副教授,博士,研究方向为资源规划与管理.Email:yzhzhu@scut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目 "中国水资源利用的经济学分析研究" ,华南理工大学人文社科基金(127-N7040250).

On the Nature and System of Water Rights

On the Nature and System of Water Rights1   

  1. 1. School of politics and public administration, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641|
    2. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    3. College of Hydraulic and Electric Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
  • Received:2005-09-01 Revised:2005-11-01 Online:2006-01-25 Published:2006-01-25

摘要:

水权的客体、性质和权能结构可从其自然属性、经济属性、法律属性三方面进行分析。水权是自然资源产权,水权的客体是水资源而非水产品,即生态用水之外的部分水资源。水权是具有公权色彩的私权,是符合物权属性基本前提下的准物权。我国水资源为国家所有,在水权权系构成中,水资源所有权是第一位的权利。水资源所有权的派生权利如占有权、使用权、部分收益权、部分处分权等可与所有权相分离并进行流转,从而形成水权市场和水权交易制度。在我国,水资源使用权即是取水权,根据取水方式的差异,包括汲水权、引水权、蓄水权等;根据水资源使用方式的差异,则包括灌溉权、经营权、饮用权等。本文认为,水域(水面)使用权、排水权、水资源分配权等不属于水权的范畴。

关键词: 水权, 水资源分配

Abstract:

Water scarcity is a crisis which threatens the development of China. Water institution innovation of water rights and water market is necessary for China to overcome water problems. Water rights should be viewed as natural resources property, with water resources (not water product),excluding ecological water demand, as its objects. water rights is thought to be private domain with the features of public domain and quasi-property with the features of typical one. In China, the country owns water resources. In the system of water rights, the property of water resources is the mother of the other water rights including possession right, use right, profitability right and disposition right, which could be departed completely or incompletely from the mother-body and transferred in the water rights market. In China, water is also called water-drawing rights, which could be divided into water-lifting right, water-ditching right, and water-sluicing right according to the methods of water drawing, or into water demand right of agriculture, industry, family and civicism activities according to the means of water utilization. The author don't agree with the opinions that the use right of water body(or water suface), water-draining right and the administration of water sector belong to water rights.

Key words: water distribution, water rights

中图分类号: 

  • P343