地理科学进展 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 201-208.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2001.03.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国现代地图学发展的里程碑——中国国家地图集的特点与创新

廖克   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-01 修回日期:2001-08-01 出版日期:2001-08-24 发布日期:2001-08-24
  • 作者简介:廖克(1936-),男,研究员,博士生导师,国际欧亚科学院院士。从事地图学、遥感制图与GIS的研究,主编了《青藏高原地图集》、《中华人民共和国国家自然地图集》等,主编 论文集与著作6部,发表专著2部、论文100多篇。
  • 基金资助:

    国务院批准国家重点项目(国科249号)

The Milestone in the Developmental Process of Modern Cartographic Science in China --The Characteristics and Innovation of The National Atlas of China

LIAO Ke   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2001-08-01 Revised:2001-08-01 Online:2001-08-24 Published:2001-08-24

摘要: 本文阐述了国家地图集的重要性和中国国家地图集的编制历程 ,重点论述了中国国家地图集编制的特点与创新 :1中国自然、人口、经济、社会与历史信息的完整汇编 ;2中国地学、生物学、环境科学、经济学与历史学研究成果的系统概括与总结 ;3国家地图集编制贯彻了“可持续发展战略”,突出了人与自然的关系 ;4国家地图集编制实现了由传统工艺向全数字化、自动化的根本变革 ,电子地图集与互联网地图形式更满足了信息社会的需求。中国国家地图集的完成 ,不仅具有重大的科学意义、应用价值与社会效益 ,而且全面推动当代中国地图学的发展。中国国家地图集这项 2 0世纪中国科技界的重大创新成果 ,这部凝聚着中国两三代科学家与地图学专家智慧的地图集巨著 ,不仅在中国史无前例 ,而且在世界上也实属罕见。中国国家地图集代表当今中国地图学发展的最高水平 ,在国际上产生了很大影响 ,在各国国家地图中占有重要地位。中国国家地图集的完成对中国地图学的发展做出了历史性的巨大贡献 ,不愧为中国现代地图学发展的里程碑。

关键词: 创新, 国家地图集, 里程碑, 特点, 中国

Abstract: At first, this paper expounds the importance of The National Atlas and the compiling course of The National Atlas of China, and then put emphasis on the characteristics and innovation of The National Atlas of China. The characteristics and innovation include: (1) The National Atlas of China is a complete collection of the key information on the nation’s various aspects including nature, population, economy, society and history. (2) The results obtained from studies on different fields including geology, biology, environmental science, economy, and history of China have been systematically summarized in The National Atlas of China. (3) The compilation of The National Atlas carries out the "sustainable development" strategy and emphasizes the relationship between human being and nature. (4) The compilation of The National Atlas realized the essential revolutionary transformation from traditional technology to complete digitization and automation, and the forms of electronic atlas and Internet map satisfy the needs of information society. The accomplishment of The National Atlas of China has scientific importance, applicable values and social benefits; it also has an important role in the developmental progress of modern cartography in china. The National Atlas of China is an important result of creative work of Chinese science and technology during the 21st century. Scientists from three generations have used their knowledge and expertise to work on this project, mading it an unique case in Chinese history of science; and such case is even very rare in the world history. At present, The National Atlas of China represents the highest level of the development of the Chinese cartography; it produces a great impact on the world and it occupys an important position among National Atlas of various countries. The work on The National Atlas of China has historical contributions to the development of cartographic science in China and it is indeed a milestone marking the developmental progress of modern cartographic science in China.

Key words: Characteristic, China, Milestone, The National Atlas

中图分类号: 

  • P283