地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1846-1858.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.10.006

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

流出地空间资本与流动人口的住房选择分化

董雅静1,2(), 林李月1,3,*(), 朱宇3,4, 柯文前1,3, 肖宝玉1,3   

  1. 1.湿润亚热带生态地理过程教育部重点实验室,福州 350007
    2.福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
    3.福建师范大学地理研究所,福州 350007
    4.上海大学亚洲人口研究中心,上海 200444
  • 收稿日期:2022-04-10 修回日期:2022-08-10 出版日期:2022-10-28 发布日期:2022-12-28
  • 通讯作者: *林李月(1985— ),女,福建霞浦人,博士,研究员,主要从事人口迁移与城乡发展研究。E-mail: lly30@163.com
  • 作者简介:董雅静(1996— ),女,河北藁城人,硕士生,研究方向为人口与城乡发展。E-mail: yajingdong0406@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971168);国家自然科学基金项目(41971180)

The floating population’s spatial capital in the places of origin and their housing choices in the destination cities

DONG Yajing1,2(), LIN Liyue1,3,*(), ZHU Yu3,4, KE Wenqian1,3, XIAO Baoyu1,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Processes of the Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350007, China
    2. School of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    3. Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    4. Asian Demographic Research Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Received:2022-04-10 Revised:2022-08-10 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-12-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971180)

摘要:

流动人口的住房直接关系到流动人口的市民化水平与城镇化高质量发展。基于2017年中国流动人口动态监测调查数据,论文探究了流动人口的流出地空间资本对其流入地住房选择的影响及其群体差异性。研究发现:流动人口在流入地的住房选择以租住房为主,产权房和免费房为辅,流出地的空间资本是造成流动人口流入地住房选择分化的重要因素。流出地城市规模与住房选择并不是简单的线性相关关系;流出地聚落等级和流出地人文发展水平对流入地住房产权获得有促进作用,但当流出地为乡镇和县城时,流动人口倾向于通过市场途径获取住房。采用删除各流入地地级市中数量较少样本的方法做了稳健性检验,表明上述结论是稳健可信的。异质性分析结果表明,流出地空间资本对流动人口在流入地住房选择的影响在不同代际、受教育程度和收入水平间存在较为显著的差异。论文着眼于流动人口流出地空间资本的影响效应,拓展了流动人口住房选择分化研究的视角,研究结果对进一步优化面向流动人口的住房政策和推进流动人口市民化具有重要政策含义。

关键词: 流出地, 空间资本, 住房选择, 流动人口, 市民化

Abstract:

The floating population's housing choices in the destination cities is directly related to their citizenization level and the high quality development in the new phase of urbanization. While a large body of literature has been generated concerning floating population's housing choices and its determinants, little has been done regarding that the role of floating population's spatial capital of the original places. Therefore, based on the 2017 China Migrants Dynamic Survey conducted by the National Health and Family Planning Commission and China's city statistical yearbook 2017, this study analyzed the ways in which spatial capital in the original places of floating population shaped their housing choices in the destination cities. The results show that the housing choice of the floating population in the destination cities is mainly rent housing, supplemented by property right housing and free housing. Findings from our analysis indicated that the floating population's spatial capital in the places of origin had significant effect on their housing choice of in the destination cities. Specifically, there is not a simple linear correlation between the city size of the original places and housing choices in the destination cities; the location and the level of humanistic development in the places of origin have significant effects on housing property rights in the destination cities. However, being from town and county places of origin, floating population tends to obtain housing through the market. The robustness test is carried out by deleting a small number of samples from each prefecture level city, which shows that the above conclusions are robust and reliable. Our findings also indicated that the floating population's spatial capital in the places of origin exerted different impacts on different heterogeneity groups in terms of their generation, education level and income. More precisely, compared with the new generation, high education level and high-income floating population groups, the heterogeneity analysis results show that the influence of spatial capital in the places of origin on the housing choices of the floating population in the destination cities is significantly different between different generations, education level and income level. Based on a new way of conceptualizing and measuring spatial capital in the place of origin, we especially focused on the role of spatial capital in the places of origin of floating population, which expanded the perspective of research on housing choice differentiation of floating population. In the meantime, the results also have important policy implications for further optimizing the housing policy for floating population and promoting the citizenization of floating population.

Key words: the places of origin, spatial capital, housing choices, floating population, citizenization