地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 179-194.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.02.001

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

京津冀城市群产业空间重构与优化调控

罗奎1, 李广东2,*(), 劳昕3   

  1. 1. 西南大学地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100049
    3. 中国地质大学(北京)经济管理学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-26 修回日期:2019-07-28 出版日期:2020-02-28 发布日期:2020-04-28
  • 作者简介:罗奎(1986— ),男,四川宁南人,讲师,主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:luokui@swu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901195);西南大学博士基金项目(SWU118084)

Spatial reconstruction and optimization of industrial development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration

LUO Kui1, LI Guangdong2,*(), LAO Xin3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resource Research, CAS, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences in Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-03-26 Revised:2019-07-28 Online:2020-02-28 Published:2020-04-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901195);Doctoral Fund Project of Southwest University(SWU118084)

摘要:

科学解析京津冀城市群产业空间重构不仅有助于深化产业空间演化相应理论,也是服务京津冀协同发展国家战略的必然要求。论文从全球价值链视角出发,基于社会经济统计数据与全国工业企业库数据,采用经校正的产业比重变动方法对京津冀城市群产业空间重构进行了解析,并据此提出优化调控对策。主要结论有:① 产业空间重构是推动城市群发育与成熟的重要动力,其中嵌入全球价值链并持续攀升是推动城市群高级化的基础动力,而内部产业空间重构则是完善产业合作网络、推动城市群一体化的重要途径,此外,资源环境承载力与全球化、郊区化的交互是形成双“C”字形空间格局的基础与支撑;② 在国际产业空间重构方面,目前天津市为承接核心,北京次之,其余城市发展则相对滞后;③ 在城市群内部产业空间重构方面,由北京—天津—唐山—沧州围成的内“C”字形范围是产业空间重构的核心区,不同类型产业表现出不同的驱动特征,其中纺织服装业表现为全球价值链主导下的市场驱动,化学产业表现为环境管制与水资源依赖的双重作用,钢铁产业表现为明显的政府主导,医药制造业则表现为全球价值链主导下的政府调控;④ 京津冀城市群的内“C”字形地区应侧重产业升级,外“C”字形地区则重点关注生态环境保护与产业转型,以内“C”引领外“C”,以外“C”保障内“C”,双“C”联动,以保障京津冀协同发展战略的顺利实现。

关键词: 空间重构, 优化调控, 全球价值链, 京津冀城市群

Abstract:

Scientific analysis of the spatial reconstruction of industrial development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration not only can contribute to expanding the scope and depth of research on industrial spatial change, but also can serve the national strategy of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development. From the perspective of global value chain (GVC), this study employed the method of measuring the industrial proportion change after calibration based on the statistical data from 2000 to 2014 and the national industrial enterprise database for 2001, 2006, and 2013 to investigate the spatial pattern of industrial development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration, and proposed the optimization strategies accordingly. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) The industrial spatial reconstruction is an important driving force for promoting the development and maturation of an urban agglomeration. Following the trend of globalization and embedding in global value chains are of great significance to advancing the upgrading of urban agglomerations, and domestic industrial spatial reconstruction is an important approach for improving the industrial cooperation network and accelerating the integration of urban agglomerations. In addition, the interaction of GVC restructuring, industrial suburbanization, and resource and environmental carrying capacity is the foudation of the double C-shaped spatial pattern. 2) With regard to the international industrial spatial reconstruction, Tianjin has become the core of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration to undertake international industrial transfer, followed by Beijing, while the development of other cities is relatively lagging behind. On the whole, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration is still in a lower position in the GVC, which is not conducive to the promotion of regional competitiveness. 3) In repect to the industrial spatial change within the urban agglomeration, industrial reconstruction is mailny concentrated in the inner C-shape region consisting of Beijing, Tianjin, Tangshan, and Cangzhou cities, while the intensity of spatial reconstruction in other regions is relatively weak. Different industries present diverse features of reconstruction: texile and garment industry is market-dominated within the GVC; chemical industry is influenced by both environmental regulations and dependence on water resources; steel industry is government-dominated; and pharmaceutical industry is regulated by the government under the influences of the GVC. 4) Based on the development of industrial spatial reconstruction, resource and environmental carrying capacity, and the double C-shaped spatial pattern, this article puts forward some suggestions on optimizing the industrial spatial patterns of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration. As the economic core of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration, the inner C-shaped region is recommended to accelerate industrial upgrading to become a world-class industrial highland. The northern part of the outer C-shaped area is proposed to strengthen ecological environment protection for the sustainable development of the urban agglomeration, while the southern part of the outer C-shaped area should promote industrial transformation to become a solid support for industrial upgrading in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration. The two C-shaped regions should be interconnected to ensure the implementation of the coordinated development strategy of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration.

Key words: spatial reconstruction, optimization and regulation, global value chain, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration