地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 77-99.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.05.010

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国城市群整合发展的基础与实践

王发曾,刘静玉   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封475001
  • 收稿日期:2007-07-01 修回日期:2007-09-01 出版日期:2007-09-25 发布日期:2007-09-25
  • 作者简介:王发曾(1947), 河南开封人, 教授, 博士生导师, 从事城市地理学、城市规划与设计、城市生态学研 究.E- mail: fzwang@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    河南省第一次全国经济普查专题研究(2005004).

The Foundation and Pr actice of Integr ation Development of Urban Agglomer ation in China

WANG Fazeng,LIU Jingyu   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475001
  • Received:2007-07-01 Revised:2007-09-01 Online:2007-09-25 Published:2007-09-25

摘要:

目前, 我国许多城市群还没有形成以城市集群为支撑的有整体竞争实力的地域实体, 区 域协调机制还没有从根本上建立起来。为了解决这个严重制约城市群发展的问题, 必须走整合发 展的道路, 整合发展是城市群战略的重大课题。城市群的整合发展要树立正确的科学理念, 充分 吸取国内外相关研究的宝贵启示。整合发展的理论基础分核心理论和基本理论, 前者有竞争优 势、空间相互作用、空间发展和区域协调理论等, 后者有系统、现代经济增长、可持续发展和区域 创新理论等。城市群的存在、城市群的要素和城市群地区的城镇化是整合发展的现实基础, 涉及 城市群存在状态的演进及其广域存在价值, 资源秉赋、整体实力、产业结构、交通通信和核心城 市, 城镇化的综合水平和面临的主要问题等。城市群整合发展的实践包含6 个方面的内容: 城市 竞争力整合、城市体系整合、产业整合、空间整合、城乡生态环境整合和发展的支撑平台整合。

关键词: 城市群, 城镇化, 基础, 实践, 整合发展

Abstract:

The urban agglomeration is a high- quality spatial organization form of cities in urbanization advancement. When entering into the 21st century, urban agglomeration is becoming the main body shape of Chinese urbanization, the important carrier of the national economy and the national synthesis competitive power. And it manifests an important tendency in the urbanregion development. Yet, many urban agglomerations still are at the separate “planning agglomeration ”, and have not formed the strength region entity with competitive power supported by city cluster. And the region coordination mechanism has fundamentally not established. In order to solve this serious problem in urban agglomeration development, we must take the integration development path; therefore, the integration development is an important issue for the urban agglomeration strategy. The integration development of the urban agglomeration must set up the correct scientific ideas, and absorb fully the precious enlightenment of the domestic and foreign correlation researches. The core theory of the integration development includes the competitive advantage theory, the spatial interaction theory. The spatial development theory and the region coordination theory. The basic theory includes the system theory, modern economy growth theory, sustainable development theory and region innovation theory. The existence of the urban agglomeration is the first realistic foundation for the integration development, including the existence condition evolution and the vast existence value of the urban agglomeration. The essential factor of the urban agglomeration is the second realistic foundation for the integration development, including the resource endowments, the overall strength, the industrial structure, the transportation- correspondence, and its core city. The urbanization in urban agglomeration area is the third realistic foundation for the integration development, including the comprehensive urbanization level and the main problems in urbanization advancement. The practice of the integration development contains 6 aspects: city competitive power integration, urban system integration, industry integration, space integration, urban- rural ecological environment integration, and developing support platform integration.

Key words: foundation, integration development, practice, urban agglomeration, urbanization