地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1940-1955.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.10.013

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

人文地理学视域下中国边境地区研究进展与展望

程艺1,2(), 刘慧1,2,*(), 宋涛1,2, 张芳芳1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2022-02-10 修回日期:2022-05-22 出版日期:2022-10-28 发布日期:2022-12-28
  • 通讯作者: *刘慧(1964— ),女,陕西兴平人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: liuh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:程艺(1992— ),女,四川广安人,博士生,主要从事区域发展与城市规划研究。E-mail: chengy.14s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA20010103);第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(2019QZKK1007);国家自然科学基金项目(4217011358);国家自然科学基金项目(42171180)

Progress and prospect of research on China’s border areas from the perspective of human geography

CHENG Yi1,2(), LIU Hui1,2,*(), SONG Tao1,2, ZHANG Fangfang1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2022-02-10 Revised:2022-05-22 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-12-28
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA20010103);The Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program(2019QZKK1007);National Natural Science Foundation of China(4217011358);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171180)

摘要:

边境地区是重要的国家安全屏障和多重权力空间影响下的特殊脆弱地带。科学总结边境研究发展历程有助于厘清边境研究脉络,为实现边境长治久安与可持续发展提供科学支撑。论文以中国知网(CNKI)和科学引文索引(Web of Science)中人文地理学相关视域下的中国边境研究学术论文为依据,借助科学知识图谱方法,分析了1990年以来中国边境研究历程、趋势及热点等基本特征。研究发现:中国边境研究经历了“开放探索—社会建构—战略引领”的发展历程,研究热点区域逐渐由东北地区转向西南地区,“边境贸易”“边境旅游”“边境口岸”“一带一路”是4个核心关键词聚类。边境研究主要内容包括边境贸易与开发开放、边境旅游资源开发、社会建构与和谐发展、边境口岸与城市功能,以及地缘环境与边境安全。当前,中国边境研究在规律探索、定量总结等方面仍然不足,论文在构建多要素—多主体—多尺度集成的边境地理研究框架基础上,提出未来应加强边境风险与安全、跨境合作机制、边境效应理论、边境可持续发展等研究,为后续边境研究提供参考,支撑中国边境安全与现代化治理。

关键词: 边境研究, 地缘环境, 人文地理学, 研究进展, 文献计量

Abstract:

Border areas are important national security buffer zones and vulnerable areas under the influence of multiple power spaces. Scientifically summarizing the development process of border research will help clarify the context of border research and provide scientific support for realizing a stable border with security and sustainable development. This study was based on data of academic publications on border research in the fields of human geography in China from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Web of Science (WoS). With the help of the scientific knowledge map method, the basic characteristics of China's border research process, trends, and hotspots since 1990 were analyzed. The study found that China's border research has experienced an "open exploration-social construction-strategic guidance" development process. The research hotspots have gradually shifted from the northeast to the southwest, and "border trade", "border tourism", "border port", and "Belt and Road" are the four main keyword clusters. The main contents of border research include border trade and development and opening-up, border tourism resource development, social construction and harmonious development, border ports and urban functions, as well as geographical environment and border security. At present, China's border research is still insufficient in terms of exploring the patterns and quantitative analysis. On the basis of constructing a framework of border geographic research integrating multi-subjects, multi-elements, and multi-scales, we propose to strengthen the research on border risk and security, cross-border cooperation mechanism, "border effect" theory, and sustainable border development, which may provide a support for China's border security and modern governance.

Key words: border studies, geo-setting, human geography, research progress, bibliometrics