地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1053-1067.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.06.009

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市就业多中心化相关研究进展与述评

王晖1,2(), 袁丰1,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-04 修回日期:2022-02-06 出版日期:2022-06-28 发布日期:2022-08-28
  • 通讯作者: *袁丰(1982— ),男,江苏无锡人,副研究员,主要从事城市和区域发展研究。E-mail: fyuan@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王晖(1991— ),女,河北邢台人,博士生,主要从事城市和区域发展研究。E-mail: hwang@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42171189)

A review of urban employment polycentricity research

WANG Hui1,2(), YUAN Feng1,*()   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-10-04 Revised:2022-02-06 Online:2022-06-28 Published:2022-08-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171189)

摘要:

就业分布是城市空间结构的核心组成部分。当前,就业多中心化正在成为一个全球现象并主导着城市空间结构研究的范式转变,然而中国对这一主题的研究尚缺乏系统性探讨。论文在梳理中西方相关文献基础上,试图呈现城市就业多中心化的研究进展,以期为国内相关研究提供参考。首先,系统总结国内外城市就业集散与多中心化的地理格局与过程,重点回顾当前研究的共识与争论以及就业中心的生长动态与趋势。其次,从不同理论视角追踪城市就业集散与多中心模式演化的动力机制,关注空间政治经济学视角下就业多中心结构的形成机理,特别是空间规划与管治等制度因素和市场力量的相互作用。最后,从就业多中心化对城市空间结构、城市通勤的影响2个方面总结就业多中心化的空间效应。城市就业多中心模式演化为我们认知城市的空间增长逻辑提供了独特观察窗口,可以为中国城市转型与空间重构相关政策的制定提供决策参考。

关键词: 就业多中心化, 城市空间结构, 地理过程, 空间效应

Abstract:

Employment distribution is one of the key components of urban structure. Employment polycentricity is currently becoming a global phenomenon, leading the paradigm change of urban structure research around the world. However, this topic is covered by relatively few studies in China. Therefore, by browsing a large number of relevant publications, this article presented its research progress in order to provide a reference for studies on employment polycentricity in China. First, this article briefly introduced the geographical patterns and process of urban employment concentration/decentralization and polycentricity, focusing on reviewing the current consensus and debates, as well as dynamics and growth trends of employment centers. Second, it traced the mechanism of urban employment decentralization and its evolving polycentric patterns from different theoretical perspectives, with particular attention to the predominant forces on the formation of polycentricity through the lens of spatial political economy, especially interactions between the institutional factors of urban planning and governance and the market. Finally, the article summarized the consequences of employment polycentricity from two aspects: the impact on urban spatial features and on urban commuting. The evolution of urban employment polycentricity provides a unique view for us to understand the growth logic of urban space, which is significant for the policy making of urban transformation and spatial reconstruction of Chinese cities.

Key words: employment polycentricity, urban spatial structure, process and patterns, spatial outcomes