地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2011-2024.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.12.003

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

京津冀地区制造业集聚的时空演化特征和差异性分析

黄宇金1,2(), 孙威1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-20 修回日期:2021-07-07 出版日期:2021-12-28 发布日期:2022-02-28
  • 通讯作者: *孙威(1975— ),男,河南开封人,副研究员,兼任中国科学院大学岗位教授,研究方向为经济地理与区域发展。E-mail: sunw@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:黄宇金(1996— ),男,江苏南通人,硕士生,研究方向为经济地理与区域发展。E-mail: huangyj. 19s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871117)

Spatiotemporal change characteristics and differences of manufacturing industry agglomeration in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region

HUANG Yujin1,2(), SUN Wei1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-04-20 Revised:2021-07-07 Online:2021-12-28 Published:2022-02-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871117)

摘要:

2015年国家提出京津冀协同发展战略,产业协同是推进这一战略的先行领域,因此产业在该地区的集聚与分散受到学界的广泛关注。论文利用全国3次经济普查数据,基于企业的空间位置信息,运用DO指数方法研究了京津冀地区制造业集聚的时空演化特征并对比分析了集聚特征在区域、行业、企业间的差异性。研究表明: ① 2004—2013年京津冀地区制造业集聚的比例从69.0%提高到82.8%,集聚多发生在0~50 km的范围。随着集聚范围逐渐扩大,集聚强度逐渐减弱,下降幅度达到25.9%。② 在区域层面,集聚更容易发生在北京、天津2个直辖市;在行业层面,集聚更容易发生在技术密集型和劳动密集型的制造业且集聚范围更短;在企业层面,集聚更容易发生在小企业。③ 2004—2013年京津冀地区已经出现了制造业从北京、天津向河北扩散的趋势,特别是一些技术水平较低、劳动力需求较大的制造业,表明在2015年提出京津冀协同发展战略是适宜的。

关键词: 京津冀协同发展, 空间集聚, DO指数, 非首都功能疏解

Abstract:

In 2015, China proposed the coordinated development strategy of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Industrial coordination is the first area to promote this strategy. Therefore, the agglomeration and dispersion of industries in this area have received extensive attention from academia. This study used the Duranton and Overman (DO) index to examine the spatiotemporal change characteristics of manufacturing industry agglomeration in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region from 2004 to 2013, and compared the differences by sub-region, industry, and firm, based on the data with the spatial location of the firms from three economic censuses. First, the agglomeration ratio of manufacturing industry in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region increased from 69.0% to 82.8%, and agglomeration mostly occurred in the short-distance range of 0-50 km. As the scope of agglomeration gradually expanded, the intensity of agglomeration gradually weakened with a decrease of 25.9%. Second, at the regional level, agglomeration was more likely to occur in Beijing and Tianjin with higher level of economic development; at the industry level, agglomeration was more likely to occur in technology-intensive and labor-intensive manufacturing industries; at the firm level, agglomeration was more likely to occur in small firms while large firms were also prone to agglomerate in extremely short distance (0-25 km). Third, there was a trend of the manufacturing industry spreading from Beijing and Tianjin to Hebei Province in this period, especially some manufacturing industries with low technological level and great labor demand. Therefore, it was appropriate to propose a coordinated development strategy at the time. In the process of industrial deconstruction and transfer, differentiated policies considering differences in industry and scale should be formulated.

Key words: coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, spatial agglomeration, DO index, relocation of non-capital functions