地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 1788-1798.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.10.014

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    

空间尺度视角下的家庭能源消费研究进展与展望

姜璐1,2(), 黄耿志3,*(), 谢惠春4, 王长建2, 郭杰2, 董志强4   

  1. 1.青海师范大学地理科学学院,西宁 810008
    2.广东省科学院广州地理研究所/广东省遥感与地理信息系统应用重点实验室/广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
    3.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    4.青海省青藏高原药用动植物资源重点实验室,西宁 810008
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-11 修回日期:2021-07-21 出版日期:2021-10-28 发布日期:2021-12-28
  • 通讯作者: *黄耿志(1986— ),男,广东汕尾人,博士,副教授,主要从事城镇化、非正规经济与劳动力地理研究。E-mail: hgzhi3@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:姜璐(1989— ),女,青海海东人,博士,讲师,主要从事能源经济地理、社会文化地理与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: jianglu@gdas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42001130);广东省科学院发展专项资金(2021GDASYL-20210103002);青海省重点研发与转化计划项目(2021-SF-138)

A review of household energy consumption research from the perspective of spatial scale

JIANG Lu1,2(), HUANG Gengzhi3,*(), XIE Huichun4, WANG Changjian2, GUO Jie2, DONG Zhiqiang4   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China
    2. Key Lab of Guangdong for Utilization of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China
    3. School of Geographical Science and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Medicinal Plant and Animal Resources of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Xining 810008, China
  • Received:2020-11-11 Revised:2021-07-21 Online:2021-10-28 Published:2021-12-28
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of China(42001130);GDAS' Project of Science and Technology Development(2021GDASYL-20210103002);Special Project for Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements of Qinghai Science and Technology Department(2021-SF-138)

摘要:

能源是地理学研究的核心议题,家庭能源消费活动作为区域典型人地关系活动的形式,是能源地理精细化研究的一大趋势。论文基于地理学的空间尺度视角,回顾了能源地理研究的缘起、家庭能源消费的空间特征、形成机制及数据来源,对存在问题进行述评,并从当前家庭能源消费面临的机遇出发,对未来值得进一步深入研究的主题进行了展望和阐释。主要得到3个结论:① 构建全景式家庭能源数据调查框架,将地域类型与能源类型、数量、用途纳入调查的视域;② 中观尺度的研究有待加强,通过微观—中观—宏观尺度内关系的协调,从一个相互嵌套式的结构整体中去认识和把握家庭能源消费特征及规律;③ 构建家庭属性、地理因素、生活方式等多要素综合集成分析框架,剖析家庭能源消费空间特征的形成动因,实现对家庭能源消费空间分异过程的本质理解。研究有助于地理学能源领域的空间研究和实践的国际化,对中国家庭能源消费的理论视角补充具有积极的学科意义。

关键词: 家庭能源消费, 能源地理, 空间尺度, 空间特征

Abstract:

Energy is one of the core topics of geographic research. As a typical activity involving regional human-land relationship, household energy consumption is a major trend in the refined research of energy geography. Based on the spatial scale perspective of geography, we reviewed the origins of energy geography research, the spatial characteristics of household energy consumption, formation mechanism, and data sources. Three main conclusions are drawn: 1) Constructing a panoramic survey framework of household energy data, including the geographical type, energy type, quantity, and use in the scope of the survey. 2) Meso-scale research needs to be strengthened. Coordination through the micro-medium-macro-scale relationship is conducive to understanding and grasping the characteristics and patterns of household energy consumption from a nested structure as a whole. 3) Constructing a comprehensive analysis framework of multi-factors such as household attributes, geographic factors, and lifestyles, and analyzing the dynamic drivers for the formation of spatial characteristics of household energy consumption, to realize the essential understanding of the spatial differentiation process of household energy consumption. This study contributes to the internationalization of energy-related spatial research and practice in the field of geography, and has positive significance for supplementing the theoretical perspective of Chinese household energy consumption research.

Key words: household energy consumption, energy geography, spatial scale, spatial characteristics