地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 746-758.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.05.003

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速铁路对生产性服务业空间集聚的影响——以长三角城市群为例

唐昭沛1,3(), 吴威1,2,*(), 刘玮辰1,2, 李晓丽1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
    2.中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
    3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-25 修回日期:2020-12-14 出版日期:2021-05-28 发布日期:2021-07-28
  • 通讯作者: *吴威(1976— ),男,安徽歙县人,博士,副研究员,主要从事区域发展与运输地理研究。E-mail:wwu@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:唐昭沛(1996— ),女,河南安阳人,硕士生,主要从事区域发展与运输地理研究。E-mail:tangzhaopei18@mails.ucas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871122);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)子课题(XDA20010101)

Effects of high-speed rail on the spatial agglomeration of producer services: A case study of the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration

TANG Zhaopei1,3(), WU Wei1,2,*(), LIU Weichen1,2, LI Xiaoli1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-02-25 Revised:2020-12-14 Online:2021-05-28 Published:2021-07-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41871122(41871122);Tthe Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA20010101)

摘要:

为深入探究高铁与生产性服务业空间集散间的关系,论文以长三角城市群为研究区域,基于2002—2017年26个地级及以上城市高铁运营数据和城市经济数据,通过多期双重差分模型的静态视角和动态双重差分模型的动态视角考察高速铁路对生产性服务业及其细分行业的空间集聚效应。结果表明:① 高铁效应与城市高铁发展水平密切相关,受时空压缩和客运组织的综合影响。对生产性服务业而言,静态层面上,高铁显著促进生产性服务业向沿线城市集聚;动态层面上,高速铁路对生产性服务业空间集聚效应具有显著的阶段性和滞后性,且作用强度随高铁网络化逐年增强。② 高铁影响下生产性服务业细分行业空间组织趋于差异化,其中研发设计业为“高显著促进型”产业,信息服务业和金融服务业为“中显著促进型”产业,运输服务业、节能与环保服务业、生产性租赁服务与商务服务业为“高显著抑制型”产业,高铁对批发与贸易经纪代理服务业影响不显著。③ 高铁对生产性服务业细分行业动态效应具有显著行业异质性和阶段性,这一阶段性特征与高铁对生产性服务业整体的动态效应保持相对一致;具有相同静态特征的产业在高铁影响下表现出相同的动态空间特征。

关键词: 高速铁路, 生产性服务业, 空间集聚, 长三角城市群

Abstract:

Based on the data of 26 cities in the Yangtze River Delta during 2002-2017, this study analyzed the effect of high-speed rail (HSR) on producer services from both static and dynamic perspectives using the difference-in-difference model to explore the relationship between the high-speed rail and the spatial agglomeration of producer services. The results show that: 1) The effect of HSR is strongly associated with the development level of high-speed rails, and includes the organization of passenger traffic and space-time compression. The producer services agglomeration in the Yangtze River Delta has been greatly improved along HSR. According to the statistics from 2002 to 2017, HSR has actively contributed to the agglomeration of producer services, with the intensity increased during the development of high-speed rail network in the Yangtze River Delta. Temporally, the influence of HSR on producer services agglomeration can be categorized into two stages, exhibiting a lagging effect of the high-speed rail construction. 2) The effects of HSR vary for different industries, featuring significant heterogeneity. While facilitating the agglomeration of some industries among cities along HSR lines, HSR has contributed to the decentralization of other industries into cities without HSR stations. Research and design services belong to the highly-promoted type, which means that HSR promotes the agglomeration of research and design services in the cities with HSR stations. The second category is moderately-promoted type, which includes computer services and financial services. High-speed rail gears up the agglomeration of the above industries with different intensity. Energy saving and environmental protection services tend to be developed among cities without HSR stations, which is the same for transport services and productive leasing services. These three kinds of industries are classified as highly-restrained type, which has tendencies to locate in cities with no high-speed rail. The last category is the "no significance" type, containing wholesale and retail industry. 3) The impact of HSR on subcategories of industries exhibits heterogeneity across industries. From the dynamic perspective, the impacts on total producer services can be divided into two stages, corresponding to that of HSR development in the Yangtze River Delta. Besides, the dynamic effect of HSR is in accordance with its static effect on subcategories of industries.

Key words: high-speed rail, producer services, spatial agglomeration, Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration