地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 960-971.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.06.007

• 专辑 | 贫困地域系统演化 • 上一篇    下一篇

后2020时期农户相对贫困测度及机理分析——以重庆市长寿区为例

刘愿理1, 廖和平1,2,*(), 李靖3, 李涛1, 蔡进4, 何田1   

  1. 1. 西南大学地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    2. 西南大学精准扶贫与区域发展研究中心,重庆 400715
    3. 西南科技大学经济管理学院,四川 绵阳 621000
    4. 重庆工商大学旅游与国土资源学院,重庆 400067
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-30 修回日期:2020-03-12 出版日期:2020-06-28 发布日期:2020-08-28
  • 作者简介:刘愿理(1987— ),男,博士生,研究方向为国土资源与区域发展、乡村贫困治理。E-mail: 402952363@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    西南科技大学科研基金资助项目(19sx7106);重庆市教委科学技术研究项目(KJQN201900834);重庆市社会科学规划博士项目(2018BS86)

Measurement and mechanism analysis of relative poverty of farming households in the post-2020 period:A case study of Changshou District, Chongqing Municipality

LIU Yuanli1, LIAO Heping1,2,*(), LI Jing3, LI Tao1, CAI Jin4, HE Tian1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. Southwest University Center for Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Regional Development Assessment, Chongqing 400715, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621000, Sichuan, China
    4. College of Tourism and Land Resource, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
  • Received:2019-12-30 Revised:2020-03-12 Online:2020-06-28 Published:2020-08-28
  • Supported by:
    Science Foundation of Southwest University of Science and Technology(19sx7106);Science and Technology Research Project of Chongqing Municipal Education Commission(KJQN201900834);Chongqing Social Science Planning Doctoral Program(2018BS86)

摘要:

研究中国相对贫困问题将会为后2020时期建立解决农村相对贫困长效机制提供理论参考。因此,论文以农户为研究对象,系统分析了后2020时期相对贫困的新内涵和新特点,尝试构建相对贫困测度评价指标体系,基于多维视角划定相对贫困线,并以重庆市长寿区为例进行实证分析。研究表明:① 相对贫困指数法具有一定的科学性,基于多维贫困视角,能够全面反映或量化人口实际生活状况的需求;② 相对贫困人口在提高生活质量、提升自身能力和获得发展的机会等方面较少,主要源于产业带动作用较弱,参与合作社发展和劳动技能培训的机会较少,户主教育水平较低,且超过1/3的相对贫困户属于老人户、残疾户和重病户;③ 扶贫政策、经济基础、社会保障和个人条件是影响相对贫困的重要因素。

关键词: 相对贫困, 机理分析, 农户, 测度, 后2020时期, 重庆

Abstract:

Absolute poverty will be completely eliminated in China in 2020. However, due to the imbalance between urban and rural development, the differentiation of basic public services between urban and rural areas, and the lack of robust internal motivations in some special groups of people, relative poverty will become a long-lasting problem and a key factor hindering social and economic progress and social stability. Therefore, the study of China's relative poverty will provide a theoretical reference for the establishment of a long-term mechanism to solve the problem of relative poverty in rural China in the post-2020 period. Taking farming households as the research object and 2018 as the time frame of the research, this study systematically analyzed the connotation and characteristics of relative poverty in the post-2020 period and built a measurement and evaluation index system for relative poverty. It also defined the relative poverty line based on a multidimensional perspective and conducted an empirical analysis with Changshou District of Chongqing Municipality as an example. The research generated the following results: 1) The relative poverty index is a useful measure that defines the relative poverty line from a multidimensional perspective of materials, development, ability, and social security. The empirical analysis demonstrates that the relative poverty index is more in line with the actual situation than the single income method in defining the relative poverty line and it can fully meet the needs of reflecting or quantifying actual living conditions of people. 2) Because of the weak support from industry, less opportunities to participate in the cooperative development and skill training of labors, lower level of education, and the fact that more than a third of the relatively poor households are elderly, disabled and seriously ill persons, the relative poverty population are less likely to improve their quality of life, strengthen their capacities, and have access to development. 3) Poverty alleviation policies, economic foundations, social security, and personal conditions are important factors affecting relative poverty. Among them, regional policies are the external causes of relative poverty, economic factors are the key to stimulate the formation of relative poverty, social factors are the basic impetus to prevent the formation of relative poverty, and personal factors are the internal cause of relative poverty.

Key words: relative poverty, mechanism analysis, farming households, measurement, post-2020 period, Chongqing Municipality