地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 298-309.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.02.011

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国土地利用冲突研究进展

邹利林1,2, 刘彦随2,*(), 王永生2   

  1. 1. 华侨大学政治与公共管理学院/政治发展与公共治理研究中心,福建 泉州 362021
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-12 修回日期:2019-06-17 出版日期:2020-02-28 发布日期:2020-04-28
  • 作者简介:邹利林(1984— ),男,湖北监利人,博士,副教授,在职博士后,研究方向为土地利用空间规划与评价。E-mail:zoull@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41601599);中国博士后科学基金项目(2019M650826)

Research progress and prospect of land-use conflicts in China

ZOU Lilin1,2, LIU Yansui2,*(), WANG Yongsheng2   

  1. 1. School of Political Science and Public Administration / Center for Political Development and Public Governance Research, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, Fujian, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-03-12 Revised:2019-06-17 Online:2020-02-28 Published:2020-04-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601599);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2019M650826)

摘要:

中国正处于经济转型与社会发展的关键时期,土地利用面临着巨大的压力和挑战,土地利用结构失衡凸显,各类用地矛盾日趋激烈,由此引发的土地利用冲突问题日益受到重视,相关研究成果大量涌现却缺少系统的梳理与总结。论文运用文献资料法厘清国内土地利用冲突研究取得的成效,并通过文献总结和对比分析指出现有研究存在的不足,进而为中国土地利用冲突研究提出了新的方向。首先,在对已有文献中土地利用冲突相关概念辨析的基础上,指出土地利用冲突是土地资源利用过程中,利益相关者围绕土地利用方式与结构所产生的人地之间的空间竞争与权益冲突的现象。其次,从土地利用冲突的理论基础、土地利用冲突的利益相关者、土地利用冲突的识别与强度诊断、土地利用冲突的表现形式及分类、土地利用冲突的演变及其驱动机制、土地利用冲突的和解等6个方面对国内相关研究进行归纳和总结。最后,通过对国内外研究成果的梳理和比较提出了未来中国土地利用冲突研究的主要方向:① 经济社会转型背景下土地利用冲突理论体系的补充与完善;② 全球化背景下土地利用冲突研究的内容拓展与范式革新;③ 乡村振兴战略背景下城乡土地利用冲突的空间正义与效率;④ 参与式GIS技术支持下土地利用冲突的定量与定位治理;⑤ 国土空间规划体系整合下土地利用冲突的协调与权衡;⑥ 多学科融合视角下土地利用冲突的集成分析与成果应用。

关键词: 土地利用冲突, 研究进展, 展望, 中国

Abstract:

China is in a critical period of economic transformation and social development, which brings great pressure and challenges to land use. Therefore, imbalanced land-use structure and conflicting land utilization become more common, which result in more attention to land-use conflicts and thus increasingly more related studies has appeared, but there is a lack of systematic review and compilation of existing research. This study examined the research related to land-use conflicts in China through literature analysis and comparative analysis, and identified the research trends. First, this article points out that land-use conflict refers to the phenomenon of spatial competition and conflicting interests between people and land caused by the way and structure of land use by stakeholders in the process of land use, which was defined by the comparison and identification among relevant concepts related to land-use conflicts in the existing literature. Second, the Chinese land-use conflict research results were summarized and elaborated from six aspects, including the theoretical basis of land-use conflicts, the stakeholders in land-use conflicts, the identification and intensity diagnosis of land-use conflicts, the forms and classification of land-use conflicts, the evolution of land-use conflicts and its driving mechanisms, and the reconciliation program of land-use conflicts. Finally, through reviewing and comparing Chinese and international research results, this article puts forward the future direction of China's land-use conflict research: 1) Complement and improvement of land-use conflicts theoretical system under the background of economic and social transformation. 2) Content expansion and paradigm innovation of land-use conflict research considering the global scale. 3) Spatial justice and efficiency of land-use conflict resolution in the context of rural revitalization strategy. 4) Quantitative and precision management of land-use conflicts with the support of participatory GIS. 5) Coordination and trade-off of land-use conflict resolution under the integration of national spatial planning systems. 6) Comprehensive analysis and results application of land-use conflicts from the perspective of multidisciplinary integration.

Key words: land-use conflicts, research progress, prospect, China