地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1381-1391.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.10.008

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球贫困国家旅游竞争力与经济发展的耦合协调度及时空变化

刘丹丽, 汪侠*, 吴小根, 何静, 段志勇   

  1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-14 修回日期:2018-04-26 出版日期:2018-10-28 发布日期:2018-10-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘丹丽(1994-),女,湖北孝感人,硕士研究生,主要从事旅游扶贫研究,E-mail: denny_001@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871134,41371149);国家旅游局青年专家培养计划课题(TYEPT201422)

Coupling coordination between tourism competitiveness and economic development in global poverty-stricken countries and spatiotemporal changes

Danli LIU, Xia WANG*, Xiaogen WU, Jing HE, Zhiyong DUAN   

  1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2017-12-14 Revised:2018-04-26 Online:2018-10-28 Published:2018-10-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41871134, No.41371149;Youth Expert Training Program of National Tourism Administration, No. TYEPT201422

摘要:

基于联合国多维贫困指数、世界经济论坛旅游竞争力报告及国际货币基金组织提供的贫困国家经济数据,构建了旅游竞争力与经济发展评价指标体系,通过信息熵值法确定指标权重,再运用耦合协调度模型测度2008-2017年间贫困国家旅游竞争力与经济发展之间的耦合协调度,研究其时空演变规律及成因机制。研究发现:①贫困国家旅游竞争力与经济发展的的耦合协调现状不容乐观,基本都处于失调或接近失调状态,但从时间发展来看,有向协调方向缓慢发展的趋势,且耦合协调度的区域差异正在缓慢缩小;②从耦合协调类型上看,大部分贫困国家为经济滞后型,其余为旅游—经济同步型,尚无旅游滞后型;③贫困国家旅游竞争力与经济发展的耦合协调度等级分布呈现较明显的空间集聚特征,非洲地区耦合协调度等级相对最低,南美洲及加勒比地区耦合协调状态相对较好,东南亚地区则呈现局部异质性。

关键词: 旅游竞争力, 经济发展, 耦合性分析, 时空变化, 贫困国家

Abstract:

With the increasing importance of tourism industry in the global economic development, tourism has become a significant growth point for poor countries. To strengthen the understanding of the actual state of coupling and coordination between tourism competitiveness and economic development in these countries, and to further understand the development of the coupling coordination degree and regional differences between tourism and economy development in poor countries around the world, we conducted the study of this article. First, based on the multidimensional poverty index of the United Nations, the World Economic Forum's tourism competitiveness report, and the per capita GDP data of the poor countries provided by International Monetary Fund, an evaluation index system of tourism competitiveness and economic development was constructed. Next, we calculated the weights and comprehensive evaluation index values through the information entropy method, and then used the coupling coordination model to measure the coupling coordination degree between tourism competitiveness and economic development in global poverty-stricken countries during 2008-2017, and clarified its spatiotemporal evolution to explore the genesis mechanism. On case selection, this study first ranked the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report (TTCR)'s 141 economies in 2015 according to the multidimensional poverty index of the Human Development Report 2015. Then countries that lack tourism competitiveness indices such as Niger, South Sudan, and Somalia were eliminated. Only 35 poverty-stricken countries with high poverty index rankings and complete data on tourism competitiveness were reserved for our research. The study area mainly focused on Africa, Asia, South America, and the Caribbean, and the specific years of research are 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017. The results indicate that: (1) There is a high correlation between tourism competitiveness and economic development in poor countries and the current situation of coupling coordination is not optimistic, as most poor countries are in a state of imbalance or near mismatch. However, there is a tendency toward the coordinated direction, and regional differences in coupling coordination among these countries are slowly shrinking; (2) The coupling coordination between the two can be divided into four levels and two types of constraints. Most of the poor countries are economically lagging. The rest of them are tourism-economy synchronous, and no poor countries are tourism competitiveness lagging; (3) The hierarchical distribution of the coupling coordination in poor countries shows clear spatial clustering characteristics. The level of coupling coordination in Africa is relatively low. The coupling coordination status is relatively good in South America and the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia shows partial heterogeneity. In general, this research is based on the coupled relationship between tourism competitiveness and economic development in poor countries. It can provide a decision-making basis for future economic structural adjustment and tourism industry development in these countries, and provide references for other countries around the world. At the same time, this article responds positively to the tourism poverty alleviation policies that China strongly advocates, and provides theoretical support for the country's economic cooperation and tourism poverty reduction practices along the "Belt and Road" route.

Key words: tourism competitiveness, economic development, coupling analysis, spatiotemporal change, poverty-stricken countries