地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 86-93.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.05.018

• 资源与经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

干旱化背景下区域产业发展适应对策——以陕北榆林市为例

刘晓琼1,2, 刘彦随2   

  1. 1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院西安710062|
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所北京10010
  • 收稿日期:2006-08-01 修回日期:2006-09-01 出版日期:2006-09-25 发布日期:2006-09-25
  • 作者简介:刘晓琼(1977-), 青海湟源人, 陕西师范大学在读博士研究生,研究方向为人地关系与城乡发展.
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究计划(2006CB400505); 教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目"西部经济 发展与生态环境重建研究"(04JZD00010).

Countermeasur es on Adjustment of Regional Industry Structur es Under Climatic Drying Change———A Case Study of Yulin City

LIU Xiaoqiong1,2, LIU Yansui2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China|
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101, China
  • Received:2006-08-01 Revised:2006-09-01 Online:2006-09-25 Published:2006-09-25

摘要:

陕北榆林市既是我国重要的能源重化工基地, 又是生态环境极端脆弱的危急区。如何在气 候干旱化背景下围绕事关区域经济可持续发展的先导因素———水资源, 实现能源矿产资源可持 续开发, 保障基地的稳定发展是关系能源重化工基地生死存亡并危及国家能源安全的大事。本文 通过分析研究区气候变化及区域产业发展面临的各类问题, 提出应在科学发展观指导下, 以保护 性利用水资源为核心, 因地制宜地选用发展农业对策, 促进能源矿产资源合理开发。

关键词: 产业发展, 干旱化, 适应对策, 榆林市, 资源开发

Abstract:

Yulin city is an important national base of heavy- chemical engineering, and an extremely vulnerable area as well. Based on the analysis of annual and seasonal climatic change in Yulin city by using climatic data during 1974~2004 years, the author finds that the climate in Yulin city is becoming more warm and droughty, the annual temperature increased at 0.0438℃/ a, and annual precipitation decreased at 0.678mm/a. Climatic drying changes intimidate the industrial development badly. Thus how to realize the sustainable resources exploration, and to ensure sustainable development in this base of heavy- chemical engineering around the leading factor- - water resource, is critical for the development in this base and national energy safety. Hereby, the author puts forward some harmonious countermeasures doing well to agricultural development and resources exploration based on the analysis of the regional climatic change and the various problems with regional industrial sustainable development. The main countermeasures are as the following: (1) to transform the agricultural polices of government should enhance the level of regional labor force by generalizing all kinds of agricultural technologies, carrying out new strategy such as self- support in foodstuff, preferential stock raising development; (2) the commercial base of regional agriculture must be offer food safeguard , consolidating the basic status of agriculture, and developing the second and third industry in county level, forcing the capacity of agriculture to resist climatic change; (3) for energy industry, the critical factor--water resource should be reasonably utilized and protected in order to realize the harmonious development of regional eco- economy by neatening small factory and reducing the water consumption of production in the future.

Key words: climatic drying change, harmonious countermeasures, industrial development, resources exploration, Yulin city

中图分类号: 

  • F061.6