地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1640-1650.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181078

• 专栏:生活地理与城乡休闲 • 上一篇    下一篇

“家庭式迁移”对中小城市流动人口定居意愿的影响——以温州为例

林赛南1,2(), 梁奇1,2, 李志刚1,2(), 庞瑞秋3   

  1. 1. 武汉大学城市设计学院,武汉 430072
    2. 湖北省人居环境工程技术研究中心,武汉 430072
    3. 东北大学江河建筑学院,沈阳 110169
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-08 修回日期:2019-05-23 出版日期:2019-07-20 发布日期:2019-07-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:林赛南(1987-),女,浙江永嘉人,博士,副研究员,主要研究方向为人口迁移与城市社会空间。E-mail: sainan.lin@whu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801156, 41422103, 41771167)

Family migration and settlement intention in China’s medium-sized city: A case study of Wenzhou

Sainan LIN1,2(), Qi LIANG1,2, Zhigang LI1,2(), Ruiqiu PANG3   

  1. 1. School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    2. Hubei Habitat Environment Research Center of Engineering and Technology, Wuhan 430072, China
    3. Northeastern University Jangho Architecture, Shenyang 110169, China
  • Received:2018-10-08 Revised:2019-05-23 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-07-12

摘要:

进入“新时代”,伴随国家新型城镇化战略的推进,“人的城镇化”的意义愈加重要,对流动人口定居意愿的实证不断增多,但对新趋势“家庭式迁移”的现状与影响尚缺乏系统研究,尤其对于中小城市的实证较少。本文通过对温州流动人口聚居区的深入调查,探讨“家庭式迁移”对流动人口定居意愿的影响。研究发现:流动人口总体定居意愿不强。户籍制度没有显著影响,个人职业、工作稳定性和“家庭式迁移”对流动人口定居意愿具有显著影响。因此,一方面需要强调大城市与中小城市在流动人口定居意愿机制上的差异性,另一方面强调在城市中拥有完整的家庭结构能够有效提升流动人口定居意愿。在新型城镇化和农业转移人口“市民化”背景下,中小城市应抓住“抢人”先机,考虑以家庭为整体的政策设计,激发流动人口定居意愿、提升其定居能力,以此推动实现“以人为本”的城镇化。

关键词: 新型城镇化, 流动人口, 定居意愿, 家庭式迁移, 温州

Abstract:

Entering the “New Era”, along with the promotion of China’s new-type urbaniza-tion, the meaning of “people-centered urbanization” has become more and more important. How to integrate and citizenize (shiminhua) migrants in Chinese cities is increasingly becoming a significant policy issue. Extensive empirical studies have been carried out on migrants’ settlement intention in Chinese cities. However, many studies focused on the institutional barrier created by rural-urban dichotomy, while little attention has been given to the impacts of the current trend of “family migration” on migrants’ settlement intention. Particularly, little research on this topic has been done in the small and medium-sized cities. Existing studies found that migrants in different cities have distinct levels of settlement intention, local contexts matter. As such, this paper uses Wenzhou as a case study, to explore the influence of family migration on migrants’ settlement intention. The research shows that migrants in Wenzhou did not have a very strong settlement intention. Results from logistic regression models reveal that hukou status has no significant effect on migrants’ settlement intention, while individual’s occupation, stability of work and family migration have significant impacts on migrants’ settlement intention. We argue that individual’s socioeconomic characteristics, instead of intuitional barriers, have become increasingly important for migrants’ settlement. Furthermore, the paper points out that it is necessary to emphasize the differences between large cities and medium-sized cities in the mechanism underlying migrants’ settlement intention. The existing studies in large cities have found that migrants’ intention to stay in the city is largely for maximizing their income. However, our study indicates that migrants’ settlement intention in medium-sized cities is not only determined by income, but more importantly by family factors. Migrants with a whole family in the city tend to have higher settlement intention than couple and single migrants do. We suggest that to have a whole family in the city would effectively lift migrants’ willingness to settle down. Therefore, in the background of new-type urbanization and civilization of agricultural population, small and medium-sized cities should seize the opportunity to attract talents by considering family-oriented policy design, which would help stimulate migrants’ willingness to settle down and also enhance their settlement capacity, and finally achieve "people-oriented urbanization".

Key words: new-type urbanization, migrants, settlement intention, family migration, Wenzhou