地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 1343-1355.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181364

• 专栏:文化传承与空间治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

地方文化保护与传承中精英个体的日常实践

孙九霞1,2(), 苏静3   

  1. 1.中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
    2. 中山大学旅游休闲与社会发展研究中心,广州 510275
    3. 南京农业大学人文与社会发展学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-13 修回日期:2019-02-25 出版日期:2019-06-20 发布日期:2019-06-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙九霞(1969-),女,山东潍坊人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为旅游人类学、社区旅游、旅游与族群关系。E-mail: sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDB118);国家自然科学基金项目(41771160)

The everyday practice of local elites in the protection and inheritance of local culture

Jiuxia SUN1,2(), Jing SU3   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Center for Tourism, Leisure, Social development, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. College of Humanities & Social Development, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing 210095, China;
  • Received:2018-12-13 Revised:2019-02-25 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-12

摘要:

随着跨学科研究范式与方法的发展,人文地理学开始从更加微观的日常生活视角关注“地方”文化保护问题,产生日常生活地理学这一研究方向。通过关注地方文化保护与传承中精英个体的日常实践,尝试探讨在国家治理与居民日常生活的互动交织中,微观尺度的精英个体通过怎样的日常实践来塑造和凸显其在地方文化保护与传承中的主体性。研究发现:首先,地方文化保护与传承实践中,地方精英获得“文化身份”多体现为对接自上而下的政府治理体系或者下沉到地方民众日常生活实践,从而获得底层民众对自身文化身份的“认同”的两种主要纵向路径,或者通过横向联系结合市场,通过商业实践建构地方文化传承的主体地位;其次,由于文化精英具有一定的群体代表性,精英个体间的差异性是形成地方文化多样性实践的重要原因;文化精英个体通过凝结各种要素,融合了地方性、文化性、空间性和主体性,在执行构建文化自信的各项策略中,应给与高度关注。

关键词: 地方文化, 地方精英, 文化保护与传承, 日常实践

Abstract:

With the development of interdisciplinary research paradigms and methods, human geography focused on the issue of "local" cultural protection from a more microscopic view of daily life. The daily life geography has thus become a research direction. Adopting a qualitative research method and based on the research team's multiple field surveys, the article focuses on the daily practice of local elites in the protection and inheritance of local culture, and tries to explore how the local elites shape and highlight their subjectivity in the intertwined interaction between national governance and daily life of residents. Here are the research findings of the article. First of all, in the practice of the protection and inheritance of local culture, the local elites' "cultural identity" is reflected by two main vertical paths, which are the connection of the top-down government governance system or the practice of sinking to the local people's daily life. Local elites also construct the dominant position in the heritage of local cultural through commercial practice with a horizontal path combined with market; Secondly, the difference between the elite individuals is an important reason for the formation the practice of local cultural diversity because the local cultural elites have certain group representation; Finally, the local cultural elites combined locality, culture, spatiality and subjectivity through the condensation of various elements. We should focus more on them in various strategies to build cultural confidence.

Key words: local culture, local elites, cultural protection and inheritance, everyday practice