Progress and review of foreign researches on negotiation of leisure constraints
LIN Hong1,2(),LIN Lan1,2,*(),SHI Linying3,ZHU Zhiqiang1,2
1. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China 2. National Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process, Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350007, China 3. Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fuqing 350300, Fujian, China
国外休闲制约协商研究兴起于20世纪90年代,是休闲制约研究的前沿领域。论文以“Web of Science核心合集”数据库中1985—2018年共计136篇文献为样本数据,借助CiteSpace Ⅲ信息可视化软件的计量分析方法对英文文献进行全面回顾及展望。结果发现：国外休闲制约协商研究大致可分为萌芽(1993—1999年)、探索(2000—2010年)和快速发展(2011年至今) 3个阶段,早期以概念性、描述性研究为主,自21世纪起,以实证研究为主,且研究内容已从简单的描述性分类发展到多变量的检验性模型构建与验证;关注休闲制约协商研究的学者和机构主要来自北美等经济发达的国家和地区;研究方法以数理统计、模型构建与验证居多,注重定性与定量相结合;涉及的研究对象广泛,已从大众休闲者扩展到特殊疾病患者、残障人士、穆斯林妇女等社会特殊群体,且主要关注体育健身休闲、户外游憩和深度休闲等多种休闲活动类型。目前,非西方文化背景下休闲制约协商的跨文化研究是西方休闲研究的热点话题。国外休闲制约协商的研究成果及综合研究思路对中国休闲制约协商研究及实践探讨具有借鉴价值。
Foreign researches on negotiation of leisure constraints appeared in the 1990s, and is now the frontier field of leisure constraints research. In this study, a total of 136 articles in the Web of Science database from 1985 to 2018 were taken as sample data, and the bibliometric analysis tool of CiteSpace Ⅲ information visualization software was used to perform a comprehensive review of these articles. Based on the growth in the number of articles and the change of research hotspots, the foreign researches on negotiation of leisure constraints can be divided into three stages: embryonic stage (1993-1999), exploration stage (2000-2010), and rapid development stage (2011 till now). Scholars and institutions who focus on negotiation of leisure constraints mainly come from the United States and Canada, followed by Australia and South Korea. In the early stage, the studies were conceptual and descriptive, empirical research emerged since the 21st century, and the research content has developed from simple descriptive classification to multivariate model building and validation. The researches involved a wide range of crowd, ranging from the general population to special social groups, such as people with special diseases, people with disabilities and Muslim women. The contents focus on the constraints and negotiations of physical activity, outdoor recreation and serious leisure. At present, cross-cultural research has become a hot topic in foreign leisure researches. These foreign researches are of great significance to the theoretical and practical work of China's leisure study.
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2019, 38(5): 648-661.
SHI Linying et al
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