地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 550-562.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181169

• 乡村振兴规划与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村振兴规划体系与关键技术初探

胡守庚1,2(), 吴思1,2, 刘彦随3,4   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院, 武汉430074
    2. 国土资源部法律评价工程重点实验室, 武汉430074
    3. 北京师范大学地理科学学部, 北京100875
    4. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-30 修回日期:2019-02-20 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-03-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡守庚(1978-),男,浙江庆元人,博士,教授,研究方向为城乡发展与土地利用。E-mail: husg2009@gmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA230703);国家社科基金重大项目(18ZDA053);国家自然科学基金项目(41671518);教育部人文社科基金项目(16YJAZH018)

A preliminary study Rural Revitalization Planning and its key technologies

Shougeng HU1,2(), Si WU1,2, Yansui LIU3,4   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    2. The Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Land and Resources for Legal Evaluation Engineering, Wuhan 430074, China
    3. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-10-30 Revised:2019-02-20 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-25

摘要:

推进乡村振兴规划体系与关键技术研究是当前保障乡村振兴战略落实、促进城乡融合发展的重要主题之一。本文深入分析乡村振兴规划内涵和本质特征,探讨乡村振兴规划与相关规划的衔接,构建规划基本体系框架,提出规划关键技术与方法。研究发现:① 乡村振兴规划核心在于从宏观层面科学引导乡村五大发展目标统筹共建,具有宏观战略性、前瞻性、统筹性、综合性等特点。② 乡村振兴规划需以“新型城镇化规划”、“主体功能区规划”等为重要依据,突出对国土空间规划、产业发展规划、乡村建设规划等的引导。③ 为落实乡村振兴战略部署,乡村振兴规划体系框架可以“国家-省-市县”三级规划为基础,以特定目标跨区域规划为辅助。④ 遵循“振兴基础诊断-振兴目标剖析-专项规划制定-保障机制与措施建立”的技术路线,规划内容需重点围绕“二十字方针”,提出差别化的五大发展目标及实现路径或方案。⑤ 需强化乡村地域系统诊断、资源环境承载力评价、地域模式类型甄别等关键技术在规划中的应用,以推进系统化规划技术范式的形成。研究结果有望为推动乡村振兴规划理论体系的建立及各级部门编制乡村振兴规划提供有益参考。

关键词: 乡村振兴, 规划体系, 技术方法

Abstract:

The advance of the Rural Revitalization Planning System and key technologies is critical for the implementation of rural revitalization strategy and urban-rural integration. This paper deeply analyzes the connotation and characteristics of Rural Revitalization Planning and the connections with that of other related plannings. A framework and key technologies for Rural Revitalization Planning are also developed in the study. Main findings indicate that: (1) the Rural Revitalization Planning should primarily concern the guidance towards the integration of the five goals for rural development from a macro perspective and, because of that, it would be strategic, forward-looking, unitary and comprehensive. (2) The guidance towards corresponding plans, particularly Territorial Space Planning, Industry Development Planning and Rural Construction Planning, should be largely addressed in the Rural Revitalization Planning according to current national strategies, notably the New Urbanization Planning and Major Function-Oriented Zone Planning. (3) In line with the three-level ("country-province-county") planning framework, the Rural Revitalization Planning could promote the rural revitalization strategy with the assistance of cross-regional planning under special goals. (4) We proposed a framework following “diagnosis for revitalization - goals for revitalization - special planning - guarantee” for the Rural Revitalization Planning, and the content of the Rural Revitalization Planning, as well as five goals for rural development and paths. (5) The application of key technologies, mainly including methods for the diagnosis of rural system, estimation of the capacity of resources and environment and identification of regional patterns, are profoundly suggested to approach the systematic regulations for Rural Revitalization Planning. The results are expected to promote researches on the theoretical system of the Rural Revitalization Planning and provide practical references for its applications across departments following current hierarchical administrative system.

Key words: rural revitalization, planning system, technique and methods