地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 1562-1570.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.12.011

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

环渤海地区城市人居环境质量评估及影响因素

陈呈奕1,2(), 张文忠1,*(), 湛东升1,2, 李雪丽3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 上海财经大学国际工商管理学院,上海 200433
  • 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 张文忠 E-mail:chenchengyi16@mails.ucas.ac.cn;zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈呈奕(1995-),男,山东泰安人,博士研究生,主要从事人居环境研究,E-mail: chenchengyi16@mails.ucas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230632)

Quantitative evaluation of human settlement environment and influencing factors in the Bohai Rim area

Chengyi CHEN1,2(), Wenzhong ZHANG1,*(), Dongsheng ZHAN1,2, Xueli LI3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of International Business Administration, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20
  • Contact: Wenzhong ZHANG E-mail:chenchengyi16@mails.ucas.ac.cn;zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230632

摘要:

城市人居环境是城市居民生活质量和满意度的重要内容。本文以环渤海地区44个城市为例,从人居硬环境和软环境两方面评价人居环境指数,运用描述统计和GIS制图方法,分析环渤海地区城市人居环境综合质量空间差异及其影响因素,研究发现:①人居环境综合指数存在显著空间差异,沿海城市的人居环境质量明显高于内陆城市;在省级行政单元中,辽宁省人居环境综合指数最高,天津最低。②环渤海地区城市人居环境指数与经济发展水平和城镇化水平不存在显著的正相关关系,但与人口规模存在显著的负相关关系,表明仅提升经济发展水平和城市化率并不能提升城市人居环境质量,但合理控制城市人口规模则可有助于提升城市人居环境质量。

关键词: 人居环境, 环渤海地区, 综合评价, 社会经济驱动力

Abstract:

Urban human settlement environment plays a very important role in the life quality and satisfaction of urban residents. This study employed descriptive statistics and GIS mapping methods to analyze the spatial heterogeneity and socioeconomic influencing factors of human settlement environment in the Bohai Rim area. The conclusions are as follows. There are significant spatial heterogeneities in "hard" human settlement environment index (HHI), "soft" human settlement environment index (SHI), and human settlement environment quality composite index (HSCI). The quality of human settlement environment in coastal cities is significantly higher than that in inland cities. For the provincial administrative units, Liaoning has the highest HSCI; HSCI in Tianjin is the lowest. The correlation analysis between socioeconomic factors and HSCI further shows that there is no significant positive correlation between the HSCI values and the level of economic development and urbanization in the Bohai Rim area—more prosperous economy and higher urbanization rate cannot bring in higher quality of human settlement environment; but there is a significant negative correlation between the HSCI and population in the Bohai Rim area. Therefore the control of urban population in the region will be helpful for improving the quality of human settlement environment.

Key words: human settlement, Bohai Rim area, integrated evaluation, socioeconomic factors