地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1368-1376.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.11.004

• 定位与战略 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江经济带战略的背景及创新发展的地理学解读

虞孝感1(), 王磊1, 杨清可1,2, 叶士琳1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2015-11-25 发布日期:2015-11-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:虞孝感(1941-),男,江苏无锡人,研究员,主要研究方向为区域开发与国土整治、现代经济地理学及区域学,E-mail: xgyu@niglas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41071085)

Background of the Yangtze River Economic Belt development strategy and geography interpretation of its innovative development

Xiaogan YU1(), Lei WANG1, Qingke YANG1,2, Shilin YE1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-11-25

摘要:

国务院发布的《关于依托黄金水道推动长江经济带发展的指导意见》,是中央政府首次系统提出的覆盖长江流域的经济社会发展规划与建设意见,不仅是沿岸省市社会经济创新发展的指导文件,更是站在国家高度,应对国际政治经济格局发生深刻变化和国内社会经济发展面临重大历史转折的形势而提出的国家创新发展战略。本文首先分析了长江经济带战略提出的历史和经济地理背景,解读了国务院指导意见中有关长江经济带战略定位和发展重点,认为该战略的提出既是中国区域经济发展的历史必然,也是国家进入经济新常态的现实需要,具有鲜明的时代性、国际性。文章回顾了以往地理学界在长江资源开发和保护、社会经济发展中作出的重要贡献,提出了要进一步加强对长江经济带资源潜力和环境容量、空间结构调整、经济与环境协调发展等科学问题的研究。

关键词: 发展战略, 创新发展, 科学问题, 地理学研究, 长江经济带

Abstract:

The Guideline of Developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt Based on the Golden Waterway issued by the State Council in 2014 is the first systematic socioeconomic development planning and recommendation by the central government on this territorially vast and internally hugely differentiated region. The Guideline is not only the development vision for the cities and provinces along the Yangtze River, but also the national development strategy for coping with the changing patterns of international political economy and adapting to the great transition of national socioeconomic development. This article first analyzes the historic and economic-geographic background of issuing the strategy of developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and then decodes the strategic positions and development priorities in the Guideline. The author argues that the strategy of developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt is a historical necessity along with China’s regional economic development and a significant initiative to reconstruct the pattern of political economy internationally, as well as a practical need for the country to stabilize economic growth during the period of New Normal, which is very timely and well reflects the global political economic conditions. Lastly, the article reviews the contributions of geography studies on the Yangtze River Economic Belt for developing and protecting the Yangtze River, and promoting urban and regional development along the river as well, followed by proposing some research questions for future study, including the resource potentials and environmental capacity, spatial restructuring, balancing economic development and environmental protection, and political, economic, and geographic environments of the neighboring countries.

Key words: development strategy, innovative development, scientific questions, geography study, Yangtze River Economic Belt