地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1444-1451.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.11.002

• 旅游与文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

甘肃省阿万仓湿地旅游开发生态风险评价及管理对策

钟林生1, 李萍1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-01 修回日期:2014-08-01 出版日期:2014-11-25 发布日期:2014-11-25
  • 作者简介:钟林生, 男(1971-), 江西于都人, 研究员, 博士, 研究方向为生态旅游与旅游可持续发展, E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171435)

Ecological risk assessment of tourism development in Awancang Wetland, Gansu Province

ZHONG Linsheng1, LI Ping1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-05-01 Revised:2014-08-01 Online:2014-11-25 Published:2014-11-25

摘要: 协调好生态环境保护和发展之间关系是生态文明建设的核心,在景区建设初期对旅游开发可能造成的生态风险进行评估有利于防范可能出现的生态环境问题,促进旅游生态环境保护与旅游业可持续发展.本文基于对甘肃省阿万仓湿地生态风险源与风险受体的分析,构建了阿万仓湿地旅游开发的生态风险评价指标体系,运用德尔菲法和风险评估指数法对其旅游开发已经或可能造成的生态风险进行分级,并针对不同风险等级提出管理对策.研究结果表明:旅游开发对阿万仓湿地产生的负面影响中,对当地文化的冲击、植被覆盖率降低、水体污染是最需要重视的问题.

关键词: 阿万仓湿地, 甘肃省, 旅游开发, 评价, 生态风险

Abstract: Coordinating the relationship between the ecological environment and development is the essence of an ecological civilization. At the beginning of construction, assessing the ecological risk of tourism development is helpful in preventing environmental problems that may occur and promoting the sustainable development of tourism industry. Based on the analysis of ecological risk sources and receptors in Awancang wetland of Gansu province in the northwestern China, this article establishes an index system for ecological risk evaluation of tourism development in Awancang Wetland. The ecological risk sources mainly included the construction of road, the infrastructure of restaurant and accommodation, tourism operators and visitors. The mainly ecological risk receptors were water environment, air environment, soil environment, biodiversity and the Tibetan culture. And there are ten indicators in the evaluation index system for evaluating ecological risk: the degree of air pollution, the degree of water pollution, the degree of noise pollution, the degree of soil pollution, biodiversity, vegetation coverage, the wetland area, tourism resource consumption, the degree of culture impact and tourism carrying capacity. Then, the 20 levels of ecological risk caused by tourism development in Awancang wetland were identified according to severity and probability with the method of the Delphi and Risk Assessment Codes. The results show that, among all negative impacts of tourism development in Awancang Wetland, the most important of ecological risk is the negative impact on Tibetan culture, the second is vegetation coverage reduction, the third is water pollution, the fourth is wetland area reduction and biodiversity loss, etc. Finally, the suggestions about how to reduce the different negative impacts by developing tourism in Awancang Wetland were discussed in this paper.

Key words: assessment, Awancang Wetland, ecological risk, Gansu Province, tourism development

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7