地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (11): 1670-1680.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.11.010

• GIS应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

城乡规划支持服务资源聚合现状及发展趋势

马妍1, 沈振江2, 高晓路1, 党安荣3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 金泽大学环境设计学院, 金泽 920-1192, 日本;
    3. 清华大学建筑学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-01 修回日期:2013-10-01 出版日期:2013-11-25 发布日期:2013-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 沈振江(1965- ),男,福建福州人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事空间信息技术在城乡规划领域的应用研究。E-mail: shenzhe@t.kanazawa-u.ac.jp E-mail:shenzhe@t.kanazawa-u.ac.jp
  • 作者简介:马妍(1983- ),女,青海西宁人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事城市地理学、城市微观模拟、规划决策支持研究。E-mail: mayan@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-06-04);国家自然科学基金项目(41171138)。

Synthesizing service resources in support for urban-rural planning: Status and prospects

MA Yan1, SHEN Zhenjiang2, GAO Xiaolu1, DANG Anrong3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Faculty of Environmental Design, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-0914, Japan;
    3. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2013-08-01 Revised:2013-10-01 Online:2013-11-25 Published:2013-11-25

摘要: 本文以近年来广受规划工作者和学者关注的“规划支持系统(Planning Support System,PSS)”为切入点,通过对其概念和内涵的介绍,以及该领域国际国内相关现有研究的综述性分析,引出了规划支持服务资源这一概念。同时,重点针对面向城乡规划的规划支持服务资源的概念、分类进行了辨析,结合多方面的研究案例总结,将可为城乡规划提供服务的资源分为数据资源(Data as a Service, DaaS)、技术资源(Application Programming Interfacesas a Service, APIaaS)和模型资源(APIaaS),针对其如何在软件平台(Platform as a Service, PaaS)上得以聚合、主要聚合技术以及发展现状等,进行了较深入的探讨。最后,针对规划支持服务资源的聚合发展趋势作了一定的前瞻性分析,以便于研究者在未来进行标准化、系统化的研究。

关键词: 城乡规划, 服务资源, 规划支持系统, 聚合技术

Abstract: With the development and application of Information Technology and Geographic Information System in the past decades, the traditional approach in the research on space and land use changes has changed from statistical analysis to dynamical simulation and forecasting. As policy prescription has increasingly favoured a planning approach to regulate and control urban spatial changes, decision-making support for urban and rural planning has attracted a great focus from scholars in this area. Research approaches in this field, in a vast and varied range, include spatial analysis, urban modeling, geosimulation, virtual reality, etc. In this article, based on the review of research progress around the world in this field and the discussion on future research trends, a new concept, namely, service resources, in planning support systems for urban and rural planning, was introduced. The service resources in planning support were divided into three categories: data as a service (DaaS), application programming interfaces as a service (APIaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS). In order to explain this new concept well, the researches on planning support systems (PSSs) worldwide were reviewed in the three aspects. Many case studies and researches in this area, from the development of GIS to employment of cloud computing for urban simulation, were also reviewed, and the review helped further discuss how the service resources are integrated into the researches to change PSSs development. Detailed information about the synthesis of DaaS and APIaaS with PaaS for planning support was introduced and emphasized as well. The development of PSSs has gone through the stages from statistical analysis to presentation by 2 dimension GIS or remote sensing data, to dynamical simulation by combining GIS or remote sensing data in simulation models. As for the development of Virtual Reality (VR), VR technology began to be used to visualize and present urban planning and design schemes, which allowed PSSs turn into 3 dimension visualization and modeling. In the meantime, the concept of collaborative planning was gradually replacing traditional planning concept, and the researches on PSSs also started to focus on this topic. GIS dataset, simulation models and web service began to be integrated into one platform, made possible by the development of cloud computing. Thus, the development of DaaS, APIaaS and PaaS will be a new trend and also a necessity for the researches on the support for urban and rural planning. This paper includes 4 sections. Section 1 introduces the background of the current work. The concept and classification of service resources for planning support of urban and rural planning is introduced in section 2, as well as a detailed review on current development regarding to these service resources. Then, how to develop PSSs by integration of the DaaS, APIaaS and PaaS is discussed in section 3. Last, in section 4 the current status of the development of the integration is reviewed and the future developmental trend in this research area is also discussed to help researchers to do more standardized and systematized researches in the future.

Key words: Planning Support System(PSS), service resources, synthesized technology, urban-rural planning