地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 1685-1692.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.12.014

• 区位与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

空港经济区产业结构演变特征——以长三角枢纽机场为例

张蕾1, 陈雯2   

  1. 1. 江苏教育学院地理系, 南京210013;
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008
  • 收稿日期:2012-02-01 修回日期:2012-07-01 出版日期:2012-12-25 发布日期:2012-12-25
  • 作者简介:张蕾(1983-),女,江苏南通人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:zhangleinj_1983@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41201112);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750);江苏省社会科学基金项目(11EYD036)。

Evolution of Industrial Structure in Airport Economic Zone: Taking Hub Airports in the Yangtze River Delta as Examples

ZHANG Lei1, CHEN Wen2   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Institute of Education, Nanjing 210013, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2012-02-01 Revised:2012-07-01 Online:2012-12-25 Published:2012-12-25

摘要: 以长三角不同规模的四大枢纽机场为实证研究对象, 探讨空港经济区产业结构演变历程。研究围绕经济总体特征、临空指向特征、产业组织特征分别构建相应指标并展开评估, 研究表明:① 经济总体特征方面, 随着机场规模增大, 空港经济区服务经济特征逐渐强化, 传统服务业引领服务业发展, 现代服务业发展滞后于该过程, 除机场规模外, 空港经济区与城市的区位关系也深刻影响了产业结构演进;② 临空指向特征方面, 临空指向度首先逐步增强, 而后进入相对稳定阶段;③ 产业组织特征方面, 航空运输产业组织有序化, 产业链逐步延长;受航空客货流空间扩散差异的影响, 航空货运产业引导了空港经济发展, 航空客运产业发展相对滞后。当前, 长三角空港经济区存在现代服务业份额较低、临空指向度较弱等问题, 航空运输产业链有待拓展。

关键词: 产业结构, 长三角, 空港经济区, 枢纽机场

Abstract: This paper takes four hub airports in different sizes in the Yangzi River Delta for an empirical study to investigate the evolution of industrial structures in the airport economic zones. A number of indicators are created to evaluate the characteristics of the overall economy, the airport orientation, and the industrial organization during the evolution of the airport economy. The conclusions are as follows: (1) As the airport expands, the overall economy starts to have more and more characteristics of service industries, with the traditional services leading and the modern services following. Besides the size of the airport, the location of the airport relative to the city has great impact on the evolution of the industry structure. (2) Airport-orientation of the airport economic zone gradually strengthens in the early development stages, and then move into a steady state. (3) As far as the industrial organization is concerned, the air transportation industries are organized in orderly fashion and the industrial chains are gradually extended. Due to the difference between the expansions of the air transportation for passengers and for cargo, cargo transportation is leading in the development of airport economy, while passenger transportation is lagged behind. Currently, in the airport economic zones in the Yangtze River Delta, modern service industry accounts for a small portion of the overall economy, and the airport-orientation remains weak. Air transportation industrial chains need to be further extended, so that air transportation functions of the airport economic zone can be transformed into comprehensive industrial functions.

Key words: airport economic zone, hub airports, industrial structure, the Yangtze River Delta