地理科学进展 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 131-136.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2001.02.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

历史地理学信息化若干问题的探讨

王均, 陈向东   

  1. 中国测绘科学研究院,北京100039
  • 收稿日期:2001-03-01 修回日期:2001-04-01 出版日期:2001-04-24 发布日期:2001-04-24
  • 作者简介:王均(1964-),男,博士,副研究员。从事历史地理、地理学史、地理信息系统应用、科技项目管理规划及软科学研究工作。在《地理学报》等刊物发表论文30余篇,编制历史 地图若干,出版编著1本。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49801007)

Ideas about Promoting Digitalization in Historical Geography

WANG Jun, CHEN Xiang dong   

  1. Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2001-03-01 Revised:2001-04-01 Online:2001-04-24 Published:2001-04-24

摘要: 信息技术应用的日益普及为中国历史地理学发展提供了可选择的途径。在社会需要、信息源、技术方法等因素的支持下 ,开展历史地理学信息化已具备了可行性 ,应结合具体实例在历史政区、气候、人口、土地等专题开展 GIS技术应用 ,以及推广数字地图、图像处理技术应用。在实践中不断解决历史文献的信息精度等问题 ,推动学科方法论的进步。

关键词: 历史地理学, 历史信息数字化, 信息技术应用

Abstract: The popularity of information technology has presented a opportunity for the development of digitalization of Chinese Historical Geography. For the reason of abundant historical documents, several series data about ancient population, climate, farmland, and agricultural productions have been accumulated, in addition to the eight volume of Historical Atlas of China, as alternative techniques, there are geographical information system, digital map making, graphic and image digital process, hypertext and multi media methods, suitable to promote the digitalization of historical geography. With recent practice in historical urban study, regional population research, and thematic map making with modern topographic maps, there is an idea that the GIS application suits for macro population database construction such as that of Han Dynasties and the digital map making suit for micro urban map compilation and presentation. It is believed that the main basement for the development of digitalization is the data mining or knowledge digging from the original historical archives resources.

Key words: Application of digitalization technique, Digitalization of historical information, Historical geography

中图分类号: 

  • K916