地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 220-226.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.03.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境代际公平判别模型及其应用研究

李春晖1, 杨勤业2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学环境科学研究所环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 北京100875;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-05-01 修回日期:2000-09-01 出版日期:2000-08-24 发布日期:2000-08-24
  • 作者简介:李春晖(1976-),男,现在北京师范大学攻读博士学位。主要从事环境评价、规划与管理等方面研究工作,已发表论文数篇。E-mail:chunhuili@236.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目资助项目(49671034)

Studies on the Model for Judging Environmental Intergenerational Equity and its Application

LI Chun hui1, YANG Qin ye2   

  1. 1. Institute of Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Beijing 100875;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101
  • Received:2000-05-01 Revised:2000-09-01 Online:2000-08-24 Published:2000-08-24

摘要: 环境代际公平是可持续发展的重要思想之一。本文根据代际公平概念建立环境代际公平判断模型 ,定义了环境代际公平度和环境代际冲突度的概念。把该模型运用到晋陕蒙接壤区 ,判断该区域污染环境代际公平状况 ,结果表明从 1 980年以来 ,接壤区污染环境越来越差 ,1 990年与 1 980年的代际公平系数为 0 .2 89,冲突度为 0 .71 1 ;2 0 0 0年与 1 990年的代际公平系数为 0 .2 1 8,冲突度为 0 .782。它们都是上一代对下一代的环境不公平 ,而且代际冲突度越来越大。最后提出设立代际环境补偿基金是达到代际环境公平的一种基本思路 ,并针对接壤区提出一些达到代际环境公平措施和建议。

关键词: 公平判别模型, 环境代际公平, 可持续发展

Abstract: Environmental intergenerational equity is one of the thinks of sustainable development. Based on the concept and signification of environmental intergenerational equity ,a model for judging environmental intergenerational equity is built and the environmental intergenerational equity degree and conflict degree are defined. The model is applied to judge the environmental intergenerational equity of 1980,1990 and 2000,the continuous three generations, in the contiguous areas on Shanxi, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia Autonomous. The results show the pollution environment is more and more worse, the intergenerational equity coefficient is 0.289 and conflict degree is 0.711 between 1980 and 1990,the intergeneration equity coefficient is 0.218 and conflict degree is 0.782 between 1990 and 2000.Thay are environmental inequity from former generation to next generation and the intergenerational conflict degree increase gradually. At last, building compensation base of intergenerational environment is the basal way to reach environmental intergenerational equity, then gives some measures and counterproposals for environmental intergenerational equity in the region.

Key words: Environmental intergenerational equity, Model for judging equity, Sustainable development

中图分类号: 

  • X22