地理科学进展 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 296-303.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2003.03.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国各省区对外开放度比较研究

谢守红1,2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学城市与区域发展研究所,上海200062;
    2. 衡阳师范学院地理系,湖南衡阳421008
  • 收稿日期:2002-09-01 修回日期:2003-03-01 出版日期:2003-05-24 发布日期:2011-04-14
  • 作者简介:谢守红(1966-),男,湖南邵阳人,副教授,在职博士生,主要从事城市和区域经济研究。

Measurement and Comparison of Economic Opening Rate of Al l Provinces of China

XIE Shouhong1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of urban and regional development research,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062;
    2. Dept of geography, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008
  • Received:2002-09-01 Revised:2003-03-01 Online:2003-05-24 Published:2011-04-14

摘要: 改革开放以来,中国对外开放水平不断提高,但各地区之间差异显著。关于我国对外开放度的测定已引起学术界的重视,但对经济开放度的区域差异研究很少。文章采用1990年和2000年的统计资料对中国各省区对外开放度进行测定和比较分析,结果表明1990年以来各省区对外开放度普遍有了明显的提高,对外开放度的排序有了一些变化,但总体格局没有改变。各省区之间对外开放度存在巨大差异,不仅东、中、西三大地带之间差异显著,而且区域内部也存在明显差异。最后,根据对外开放度的时空差异特征对各省区进行分类,并得出若干结论和启示。

关键词: 对外开放度, 空间差异, 时间变化, 中国

Abstract: Since reform and open door policy, opening to outside world has developed rapid ly but unevenly in China Some researchers have studied economic opening rate o f China, but rarely studied the spatial disparity of economic opening rate Thi s paper employs statistical data in 1990 and 2000 and measures economic opening rate of all provinces (autonomous region or directly affiliated municipality) o f China It is exposed that since 1990 economic opening rate of most provinces of China has risen obviously and the rank has changed slightly, but the whole pa ttern has not changed The difference of economic opening rate among Chinese pr ovinces is also remarkable; that is, economic opening rate of the eastern area i s far higher than that of the central and western area From 1990 to 2000, t he relative difference of economic opening rate between the eastern area and wes tern area lessened but the absolute difference between these two areas enlarged, and both relative and absolute difference between the eastern area and the cent ral area enlarged while the difference between the western and central area lessened rapidly Then, the author classifies all provinces according to the temporal a nd spatial disparity of economic opening rate and gains some conclusions and enl ightenments The author thinks that regional differences of economic opening ra te in C hina not only results from national opening policy but also reflects the uneven principle of spatial economic development It is predicted that, after China’s entrance into WTO, opening to outside world will speed up and the eastern area w ill sta y in the lead while the western area will catch up with or overtake the central area in economic opening rate Every local government must think about its loca tion, resources and the principle of spatial economic transformation and lay out appropriate development strategy and measures to strengthen foreign economy tra de and to raise the level f opening to the outside world.

Key words: China, economic opening rate, spatial disparity, temporal disparit y

中图分类号: 

  • F125